Elżbieta Sokół-Kobielska

  • Citations Per Year
Learn More
Neuromuscular blocking agents are a substantial element of anaesthesia in almost every surgical field. Nevertheless, their use has been associated with rises in mortality and morbidity. Of importance are: the general health state of the patient, liver and renal function, metabolism and excretion, active metabolites, side effects of muscle relaxants and,(More)
This article briefly outlines the spinal anesthesia technique and its potential and benefits for orthopedic surgery. The basic techniques of spinal anesthesia are described. The authors attempt to prove that this method is the best anesthetic technique, if not the method of choice, for total hip replacement surgery.
  • 1