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We investigated the evolutionary history of the divergent vertebrate linker histones H10, H5, and HIM. We observed that the sequence of the central conserved domain of these vertebrate proteins shares characteristic features with histone H1 proteins of plants and invertebrate animals which otherwise never appear in any vertebrate histone H1 protein. A(More)
The in vitro polymerization and tissue-specific expression patterns of the four essential intermediate filament (IF) proteins (A1, A2, A3, B1) and the non-essential IF protein A4 were analyzed. Recombinant B1, used as a probe in blot overlay assays of the 11 Caenorhabditis elegans IF proteins, reacted strongly with proteins A1 to A4, indicating a(More)
BACKGROUND Any organism depends on its ability to sense temperature and avoid noxious heat. The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans responds to noxious temperatures exceeding ∼35°C and also senses changes in its environmental temperature in the range between 15 and 25°C. The neural circuits and molecular mechanisms involved in thermotaxis have been successfully(More)
Linker histone (H1) and heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1) are essential components of heterochromatin which contribute to the transcriptional repression of genes. It has been shown that the methylation mark of vertebrate histone H1 is specifically recognized by the chromodomain of HP1. However, the exact biological role of linker histone binding to HP1 has(More)
The multigene family of intermediate filament (IF) proteins in Caenorhabditis elegans covers 11 members of which four (A1-3, B1) are essential for development. Suppression of a fifth gene (C2) results in a dumpy phenotype. Expression patterns of three essential genes (A1, A3, B1) were already reported. To begin to analyze the two remaining RNAi phenotypes(More)
Disturbance of cellular functions results in the activation of stress-signaling pathways that aim at restoring homeostasis. We performed a genome-wide screen to identify components of the signal transduction of the mitochondrial unfolded protein response (UPR(mt)) to a nuclear chaperone promoter. We used the ROS generating complex I inhibitor paraquat to(More)
In Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans), the promotion of longevity by the transcription factor DAF-16 requires reduced insulin/IGF receptor (IIR) signaling or the ablation of the germline, although the reason for the negative impact of germ cells is unknown. FOXO/DAF-16 activity inhibits germline proliferation in both daf-2 mutants and gld-1 tumors. In(More)
Linker histones are nonessential for the life of single-celled eukaryotes. Linker histones, however, can be important components of specific developmental programs in multicellular animals and plants. For Caenorhabditis elegans a single linker histone variant (H1.1) is essential in a chromatin silencing process which is crucial for the proliferation and(More)
RNA interference with one of the eight Caenorhabditis elegans linker histone genes triggers desilencing of a repetitive transgene and developmental defects in the hermaphrodite germ line. These characteristics are similar to the phenotype of the C. elegans Polycomb group genes mes-2, mes-3, mes-4, and mes-6 (M. A. Jedrusik and E. Schulze, Development(More)
The members of the H1 histone family can be classified into three groups, which are the main class subtypes expressed in somatic cells, the developmental- and tissue-specific subtypes, and the replacement subtype H1(o). Until now, the subtype H1x was not classified, since it has not yet been thoroughly examined. The results of this study show that H1x(More)