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PURPOSE To test the relationship between cell killing and non-repaired DNA strand breaks both in repair proficient and deficient cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS Five of the cell lines used are repair competent (CHO, CHO K1, rat rhabdomyosarcoma R1H, mouse balb and normal human fibroblasts), while four display a reduced repair capacity (scid, xrs1, xrs5,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE When treated by radiotherapy, patients with squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck (HNSCC) positive for HPV and p16(INK4a) possess a clearly favorable prognosis as compared to those with HPV-negative HNSCC. The aim of this work was to study whether the better outcomes might be caused by an enhanced cellular radiosensitivity. (More)
PURPOSE It is known that blockage of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) activity enhances radiation sensitivity of human tumor cells presenting a K-RAS mutation. In the present study, we investigated whether impaired repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) is responsible for the radiosensitizing effect of EGFR and(More)
PURPOSE To examine the association of polymorphisms in ATM (codon 158), GSTP1 (codon 105), SOD2 (codon 16), TGFB1 (position -509), XPD (codon 751), and XRCC1 (codon 399) with the risk of severe erythema after breast conserving radiotherapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS Retrospective analysis of 83 breast cancer patients treated with breast conserving(More)
Preclinical and clinical results indicate that the EGFR can mediate radioresistance in different solid human tumours. Combination of radiotherapy and EGFR inhibitors can improve local tumour control compared to irradiation alone and has been introduced into clinical radiotherapy practice. So far several mechanisms have been identified in preclinical studies(More)
PURPOSE To examine the association of polymorphisms in ATM (codon 158), GSTP1 (codon 105), SOD2 (codon 16), TGFB1 (position -509), XPD (codon 751), and XRCC1 (codon 399) with fibrosis and also individual radiosensitivity. METHODS AND MATERIALS Retrospective analysis with 69 breast cancer patients treated with breast-conserving radiotherapy; total dose(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The radiosensitivity of human lymphocytes measured using a G0- or G2-assay has been linked with an individual's risk of developing normal tissue complications following radiotherapy. This study was performed to increase basic knowledge of the genetics of the human radiation response, and chromosomal aberration induction in particular.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To analyse the relationship of individual cellular radiosensitivity and fibrosis after breast conserving therapy. A new model was used describing the percentage of patients developing fibrosis per year and per patient at risk. PATIENTS AND METHODS In a retrospective study, 86 patients were included, who had undergone breast(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to test under which conditions non-repaired DNA double-strand breaks (dsb) could be used as an indicator of cellular radiosensitivity of normal human fibroblasts. MATERIALS AND METHODS The experiments were performed with a primary normal skin fibroblast line (NFHH) derived from a healthy donor. Cells were X-irradiated(More)
After ionising radiation double-strand breaks (dsb) are lethal if not repaired or misrepaired. Cell killing is greatly enhanced by hyperthermia and it is questioned here whether heat not only affects dsb repair capacity but also fidelity in a chromosomal context. dsb repair experiments were designed so as to mainly score non-homologous end joining, while(More)