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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE When treated by radiotherapy, patients with squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck (HNSCC) positive for HPV and p16(INK4a) possess a clearly favorable prognosis as compared to those with HPV-negative HNSCC. The aim of this work was to study whether the better outcomes might be caused by an enhanced cellular radiosensitivity. (More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The radiosensitivity of human lymphocytes measured using a G0- or G2-assay has been linked with an individual's risk of developing normal tissue complications following radiotherapy. This study was performed to increase basic knowledge of the genetics of the human radiation response, and chromosomal aberration induction in particular.(More)
PURPOSE It is known that blockage of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) activity enhances radiation sensitivity of human tumor cells presenting a K-RAS mutation. In the present study, we investigated whether impaired repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) is responsible for the radiosensitizing effect of EGFR and(More)
PURPOSE To test the relationship between cell killing and non-repaired DNA strand breaks both in repair proficient and deficient cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS Five of the cell lines used are repair competent (CHO, CHO K1, rat rhabdomyosarcoma R1H, mouse balb and normal human fibroblasts), while four display a reduced repair capacity (scid, xrs1, xrs5,(More)
Preclinical and clinical results indicate that the EGFR can mediate radioresistance in different solid human tumours. Combination of radiotherapy and EGFR inhibitors can improve local tumour control compared to irradiation alone and has been introduced into clinical radiotherapy practice. So far several mechanisms have been identified in preclinical studies(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The genetic profile as determined by microarray is considered to be an ideal marker of the individual radiosensitivity. However, it is still an open question, whether this profile has to be determined prior to or only after irradiation, since the expression of some genes is affected by irradiation. These changes are induced mainly due(More)
  • E Dikomey
  • 1982
The effect of hyperthermia on DNA strand break repair was studied in CHO cells. DNA strand breaks were analysed by the alkaline DNA-unwinding technique followed by chromatography on hydroxyapatite. Immediately after irradiation with doses ranging from 2 to 7 Gy, cells were exposed to 42 or 45 degrees C. Heat alone was found to induce DNA strand breaks only(More)
Induction and repair of double-strand breaks (dsb) were measured in exponentially growing CHO-10A cells using the constant- and graded-field gel electrophoresis. Dsb repair was studied after an X-ray dose of 60 Gy. The repair curve obtained was biphasic with the respective half-times of tau 1 = 3.8 +/- 0.9 and tau 2 = 118 +/- 30 min. The number of(More)
Classical-non-homologous end-joining (C-NHEJ) is considered the main pathway for repairing DNA double strand breaks (DSB) in mammalian cells. When C-NHEJ is defective, cells may switch DSB repair to an alternative-end-joining, which depends on PARP1 and is more erroneous. This PARP1-EJ is suggested to be active especially in tumor cells contributing to(More)
PURPOSE New insights into the kinetics of late complications occurring after radiation therapy indicated that all patients have a constant risk of developing late tissue complications. These observations might have a great impact on studies relating normal tissue complications to individual radiosensitivity. METHODS AND MATERIALS Data previously published(More)