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Lymphotoxin (LT) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) play an important role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). MS is associated with the HLA-DR2, Dw2, DQ6 HLA class II haplotype. Because both LT and TNF-alpha are encoded in the HLA region, the HLA association of MS may be related to the production of these cytokines. To test this(More)
We derived a total of 146 T lymphocyte lines specific for human myelin basic protein (MBP) from the peripheral blood of 20 MS patients and from a control group of 12 healthy donors, and determined the reactivities of T cell lines by [3H]thymidine incorporation on exposure to MBP and MBP peptides 1-44, 45-89, and 90-170. We defined HLA restriction of the T(More)
OBJECTIVE In this study we describe clinical and immunogenetic findings in 62 unselected patients with relapsing polychondritis. METHODS In a multicenter study, clinical data of 26 (41.9%) female and 36 (58.1%) male patients were collected. HLA-DR specificities were identified in 60, and the frequencies were compared with those in healthy controls. (More)
The association of HLA A1, B8, and DR3 with generalized myasthenia gravis (GMG) ini Caucasoids is well established, but no particular gene has been implicated and there is still no adequate explanation in functional terms. In study we have taken advantage of sequential genomic markers between B8 and DR3 so as to map the location of susceptibility gene(s) on(More)
We have sequenced exons 2, 3 and 4 of MIC-A in 23 homozygous cell lines, 22 families and 54 unrelated individuals. This has led to the definition of seven polymorphic positions in exon 2, 13 in exon 3 and 12 in exon 4, yielding a total of 33 different MIC-A allelic specificities, of which 16 have not been described before. The newly defined sequences and(More)
Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) typing of MHC-class II loci DRB, DQA1, DQB1, DQA2 and DPB1 was performed in 94 patients with seronegative juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA) and 184 random controls. Analysis of allele frequencies and MHC-class II 4-loci haplotypes indicate: (1) Susceptibility to JCA is more strongly associated with the HLA-DQ(More)
BACKGROUND Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is a routinely used immunosuppressive agent that selectively blocks T- and B-lymphocyte proliferation. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of this drug on human leukocyte(HLA) antibody production in general and donor-specific antibody (DSA) formation in particular in 154 recipients of renal(More)
BACKGROUND The contribution of humoral alloreactivity to the rejection of renal allografts is not well defined because humoral antigraft reactions are not easily detectable in transplant biopsies, and serial measurements of circulating allo-antibodies in the post-transplantation period are not routinely performed. We have developed diagnostic techniques(More)
Aim/hypothesis. Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease with multiple susceptibility genes. The aim of this study was to determine whether combining IDDM1/HLA and IDDM2/insulin (INS) 5′ variable number of tandem repeat locus (VNTR) genotypes improves T1D risk assessment. Methods. Patients with T1D (n=488), control subjects (n=846), and offspring of(More)