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The spine apparatus is an essential component of dendritic spines of cortical and hippocampal neurons, yet its functions are still enigmatic. Synaptopodin (SP), an actin-binding protein, is tightly associated with the spine apparatus and it may play a role in synaptic plasticity, but it has not yet been linked mechanistically to synaptic functions. We(More)
Impaired proteasomal function is a major hallmark in the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here we investigated the biological properties of the secreted cleavage product of APP (sAPPalpha) in antagonizing stress signalling, dendritic degeneration and neuronal cell death induced by the proteasome inhibitor(More)
Gradual changes in steady-state levels of beta amyloid peptides (Abeta) in brain are considered an initial step in the amyloid cascade hypothesis of Alzheimer's disease. Abeta is a product of the secretase cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP). There is evidence that the membrane lipid environment may modulate secretase activity and alters its(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the pathological deposition of amyloid-beta protein in the aged brain. Inefficient clearance of amyloid-beta from brain tissue is believed to play a major role in the pathogenesis of these deposits. Since amyloid-beta clearance likely involves activation of microglial cells via toll-like receptors and since these(More)
BACKGROUND Diffuse infiltration remains the fulcrum of glioblastoma's incurability, leading inevitably to recurrence. Therefore, uncovering the pathological mechanism is imperative. Because signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) correlates with glioma malignancy and predicts poor clinical outcome, we determined its role in glioma single(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (VEGFR-1) is highly expressed in endothelial cells and regulates developmental angiogenesis by acting as a decoy receptor and trapping VEGF-A. Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 is also expressed in monocytes and macrophages; mice lacking the VEGFR-1 tyrosine kinase (TK) domain (VEGFR-1 TK mice)(More)
Oxygen and glucose deprivation are direct consequences of tissue ischaemia. We explored the interaction of hypoxia and hypoglycaemia on cell survival and gene expression in the absence of glutamatergic signalling using human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells as a model. In agreement with previous investigations in non-neural cells, prolonged hypoxia (0.5% O(2))(More)
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