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Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) receptor agonists administered peripherally increase colonic propulsive motility and fecal output in experimental animals. In addition, endogenous CRF-related peptides are found in the lower gastrointestinal (GI) tissues, suggesting a local expression of CRF receptors. In the present study, we report the expression of(More)
Peripheral corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) receptor ligands inhibit gastric acid secretion and emptying while stimulating gastric mucosal blood flow in rats. Endogenous CRF ligands are expressed in the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tissues pointing to local expression of CRF receptors. We mapped the distribution of CRF receptor type 1 (CRF1) and 2 (CRF2)(More)
Gene therapy can be defined as the transfer of genetic material into a cell for therapeutic purposes. Cytosine deaminase (CD) transferred into tumor cells by an adenoviral vector (Ad.CD), can convert the antifungal drug fluorocytosine (5-FC) to the antimetabolite 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), which kills not only the transfected tumor cells but also their(More)
The hypothalamic neuropeptide corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) is also produced by human endometrial cells and is directly involved in the decidualization process as a paracrine inducer. The aim of the present work was to examine the effect of progesterone, the main decidualizing factor, on endometrial CRH, in primary cultures of human endometrial(More)
Gastric carcinogenesis is a multistep process including not only genetic mutations but also epigenetic alterations. The best known and more frequent epigenetic alteration is DNA methylation affecting tumor suppressor genes that may be involved in various carcinogenetic pathways. The aim of the present study was to investigate the methylation status of APC(More)
Pancreatic cancer remains stubbornly resistant to many key cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agents and novel targeted therapies. The molecular heterogeneity of this cancer may account for therapy failures to date, although our growing arsenal of novel targeted agents could translate into patient survival. The main objectives of this review are to elucidate(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), a potent inhibitor of normal melanocyte growth, does not significantly suppress growth of melanoma cells. The mechanism of melanocyte desensitization to TGF-beta in the transformation process remains largerly unknown. We investigated whether the tumor promoting phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate(More)
The presence of CRH and urocortin (Ucn), members of the CRH family of neuropeptides, was examined in human gastric biopsies from normal controls and in patients with active gastritis from Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and after eradication treatment. RT-PCR analysis showed the presence of the Ucn transcript in biopsies (obtained by gastroscopy) from(More)
The stress neuropeptides, corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and urocortin (UCN), modulate the inflammatory response via the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis and locally, in a paracrine manner, act on mast and macrophage cells. Kupffer cells (KCs) are the resident macrophages of the liver. They represent the bulk of tissue macrophages in the body and(More)
The presence of a direct extra-pituitary action of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) via specific receptors in endometrial cancer (EC) has been suggested as an explanation for the therapeutic effect of GnRH analogue (GnRHa) in recurrent disease. We have sought the expression of the GnRH peptide and functional GnRH receptor (GnRH-R) in human tissues and(More)