Ekaterina Yurchenko

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Naive T cells undergo metabolic reprogramming to support the increased energetic and biosynthetic demands of effector T cell function. However, how nutrient availability influences T cell metabolism and function remains poorly understood. Here we report plasticity in effector T cell metabolism in response to changing nutrient availability. Activated T cells(More)
While natural CD4(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T (nT(REG)) cells have long been viewed as a stable and distinct lineage that is committed to suppressive functions in vivo, recent evidence supporting this notion remains highly controversial. We sought to determine whether Foxp3 expression and the nT(REG) cell phenotype are stable in vivo and modulated by the(More)
Pathogen persistence after clinical cure is a hallmark of many chronic infections. Previously, we showed that naturally occurring CD4+CD25+ regulatory T (nTreg) cells rapidly accumulate within chronic dermal sites of Leishmania major infection where they suppress anti-pathogen CD4+ T cell responses, favor parasite persistence and dermal pathology, and(More)
Regulatory T cells expressing the transcription factor Foxp3 play indispensable roles for the induction and maintenance of immunological self-tolerance and immune homeostasis. Genome-wide mRNA expression studies have defined canonical signatures of T cell subsets. Changes in steady-state mRNA levels, however, often do not reflect those of corresponding(More)
The spleen contains numerous NK cells whose differentiation profile is characterized by a preponderance of mature elements located mainly in the red pulp. In contrast, lymph nodes (LNs) contain few NK cells and they are sited mostly in T cell zones and skewed toward immature developmental stages. We show that, in mice, naturally occurring CD4+ Foxp3+(More)
The immune system requires a homeostatic equilibrium between the mechanisms that assure self-tolerance, those that control the capacity to mount life-long immunity to pathogenic microbes, and those that attenuate effector mechanisms from inducing immune pathology [Sakaguchi S, Yamaguchi T, Nomura T, Ono M: Regulatory T cells and immune tolerance. Cell 2008,(More)
Natural FOXP3(+)CD4(+)CD25(High) regulatory T cells are critical in immunological self-tolerance. Their characterization in humans is hindered by the failure to discriminate these cells from activated effector T cells in inflammation. To explore the relationship between FOXP3 expression and regulatory function at the clonal level, we used a single-cell(More)
Progress in our understanding of the molecular cellular basis of immune function depends on our ability to track and image individual immune cells in vivo. To this end, the development of mouse models over-expressing various fluorescent proteins would represent an important experimental tool. In this report, we describe the generation and characterization(More)
CD4(+) CD25(+) Foxp3(+) regulatory T (T(REG) ) cells are critical mediators of peripheral immune tolerance, and abrogation of their function provokes a variety of autoimmune and inflammatory states including inflammatory bowel disease. In this study, we investigate the functional dynamics of T(REG) -cell responses in a CD4(+) T-cell-induced model of(More)
Subunit B of diphtheria toxin (DT), which consists of two domains: R (receptor-binding) and T (transmembrane), plays an important role in toxin-receptor binding on the cell-targets and in transportation of catalytic subunit A to the cell cytosol. Recombinant analogues of the subunit B are promising representatives in the unique class of transporting(More)
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