Ekaterina V Khokhlova

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A fragment of the nucleotide sequence encoding polypeptide binding to HT-29 epithelial cells was cloned from VMKB44 Bifidobacterium longum genome library using surface phage display technology. Sequencing of this polypeptide consisting of 26 amino acid residues showed that it is an extracellular fragment of a large BL0155 transmembrane protein belonging to(More)
We report the genome sequences of four isolates of a human gut symbiont, Bifidobacterium longum. Strains 44B and 35B were isolated from two 1-year-old infants, while 1-6B and 2-2B were isolated from the same children 5 years later. The sequences permit investigations of factors enabling long-term colonization of bifidobacteria.
Four E. coli-Bifidobacterium shuttle vectors were constructed using Bifidobacterium plasmids, pB44 and pB80. The vectors carry two bifidobacterial promoters, a signal peptide-encoding sequence, sec2, of Bifidobacterium breve, and a transcriptional terminator from hup gene of Bifidobacterium longum. Functionality of the constructs were tested using human(More)
The species and strain composition of bifidobacteria in 29 children both sexes, aged 8 to 16 months, was studied. Species-specific primers and PCR were used to determine to which species the predominant strains of bifidobacteria, isolated from feces by cultural methods, belonged. Bifidobacteria were found in 28 (96.5%) children; their number was 10.2 +/-(More)
Bifidobacteria and Bacteroides-like bacteria are strictly anaerobic nonpathogenic members of human intestinal microflora. Here we describe an analysis of the species and subspecies composition of these bacterial populations in healthy children using a combination of culture and molecular methods at two different time points. It was found that B. bifidum and(More)
A survey of infant fecal Bifidobacterium isolates for plasmid DNA revealed that a significant portion of the strains, 17.6%, carry small plasmids. The majority of plasmid-harboring strains belonged to the Bifidobacterium longum/infantis group. Most of the plasmids could be assigned into two groups based on their sizes and the restriction profiles. Three(More)
Certain Bifidobacterium strains have been shown to inhibit inflammatory responses in intestinal epithelial cells. However, the precise mechanisms of these effects, including the chemical nature of the active compounds, remain to be elucidated. Here partial characterization of the anti-inflammatory properties of Bifidobacterium strains isolated from feces of(More)
Construction of Bifidobacterium breve capable of production of secreted biologically active human interleukin-10 (hIL-10) is described. ORF coding for full-length mature human interleukin-10 was cloned into a series of expression vectors. This resulted in generation of translational fusions between hIL-10 and signal peptides sequences derived from(More)
Qualitative and quantitative composition of enteric bifidoflora was studied in a group of 13 mother–infant pairs. Pure cultures of Bifidobacterium strains were isolated from feces and their species were identified by PCR with species-specific primers or by partial sequencing of 16S rDNA. The strains were compared by REP-PCR. The most incident(More)
A novel obligately anaerobic, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped, non-motile Gram-reaction-negative bacterium was isolated from infant faeces. The strain, designated NSB1(T), was able to grow on rich media at 30-37 °C, in the presence of up to 2 % (w/v) Oxgall and 2 % (w/v) NaCl. Cells of strain NSB1(T) produced catalase, but not urease and indole. Aesculin was(More)