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Discovery of proteins expressed in the central nervous system sharing the three-finger structure with snake α-neurotoxins provoked much interest to their role in brain functions. Prototoxin LYNX1, having homology both to Ly6 proteins and three-finger neurotoxins, is the first identified member of this family membrane-tethered by a GPI anchor, which(More)
Different snake venom neurotoxins block distinct subtypes of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR). Short-chain alpha-neurotoxins preferentially inhibit muscle-type nAChRs, whereas long-chain alpha-neurotoxins block both muscle-type and alpha7 homooligomeric neuronal nAChRs. An additional disulfide in the central loop of alpha- and kappa-neurotoxins is(More)
The choice of a suitable detergent-based membrane mimetic is of crucial importance for high-resolution NMR studies of membrane proteins. The present report describes a new approach of detergent screening. It is based on the comparison of 2D (1)H,(15)N-correlation spectra of a protein in a membrane-bilayer "reference" medium and in "trial" detergent-based(More)
The cyclotides are the family of hydrophobic bioactive plant peptides, characterized by a circular protein backbone and three knot forming disulfide bonds. It is believed that membrane activity of the cyclotides underlines their antimicrobial, cytotoxic and hemolytic properties, but the specific interactions with divalent cations can be also involved. To(More)
The Ly-6 superfamily of proteins, which affects diverse processes in the immune system, has attracted renewed attention due to the ability of some Ly-6 proteins to bind to and modulate the function of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). However, there is a scarcity of knowledge regarding the distribution and developmental regulation of(More)
Production of helical integral membrane proteins (IMPs) in a folded state is a necessary prerequisite for their functional and structural studies. In many cases large-scale expression of IMPs in cell-based and cell-free systems results in misfolded proteins, which should be refolded in vitro. Here using examples of the bacteriorhodopsin ESR from(More)
SLURP-1 is a secreted toxin-like Ly-6/uPAR protein found in epithelium, sensory neurons and immune cells. Point mutations in the slurp-1 gene cause the autosomal inflammation skin disease Mal de Meleda. SLURP-1 is considered an autocrine/paracrine hormone that regulates growth and differentiation of keratinocytes and controls inflammation and malignant cell(More)
Human LYNX1, belonging to the Ly6/neurotoxin family of three-finger proteins, is membrane-tethered with a glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor and modulates the activity of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR). Recent preparation of LYNX1 as an individual protein in the form of water-soluble domain lacking glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor (ws-LYNX1;(More)
The structure and dynamics of the isolated voltage-sensing domain (VSD) of the archaeal potassium channel KvAP was studied by high-resolution NMR. The almost complete backbone resonance assignment and partial side-chain assignment of the (2)H,(13)C,(15)N-labeled VSD were obtained for the protein domain solubilized in DPC/LDAO (2:1) mixed micelles. Secondary(More)
Transmembrane signaling by receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) entails ligand-mediated dimerization and structural rearrangement of the extracellular domains. RTK activation also depends on the specific orientation of the transmembrane domain (TMD) helices, as suggested by pathogenic, constitutively active RTK mutants. Such mutant TMDs carry polar amino acids(More)