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Discovery of proteins expressed in the central nervous system sharing the three-finger structure with snake α-neurotoxins provoked much interest to their role in brain functions. Prototoxin LYNX1, having homology both to Ly6 proteins and three-finger neurotoxins, is the first identified member of this family membrane-tethered by a GPI anchor, which(More)
The cyclotides are the family of hydrophobic bioactive plant peptides, characterized by a circular protein backbone and three knot forming disulfide bonds. It is believed that membrane activity of the cyclotides underlines their antimicrobial, cytotoxic and hemolytic properties, but the specific interactions with divalent cations can be also involved. To(More)
The choice of a suitable detergent-based membrane mimetic is of crucial importance for high-resolution NMR studies of membrane proteins. The present report describes a new approach of detergent screening. It is based on the comparison of 2D (1)H,(15)N-correlation spectra of a protein in a membrane-bilayer "reference" medium and in "trial" detergent-based(More)
The action of three-finger snake alpha-neurotoxins at their targets, nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR), is widely studied because of its biological and pharmacological relevance. Most such studies deal only with ligands and receptor models; however, for many ligand/receptor systems the membrane environment may affect ligand binding. In this work we(More)
Production of helical integral membrane proteins (IMPs) in a folded state is a necessary prerequisite for their functional and structural studies. In many cases large-scale expression of IMPs in cell-based and cell-free systems results in misfolded proteins, which should be refolded in vitro. Here using examples of the bacteriorhodopsin ESR from(More)
Different snake venom neurotoxins block distinct subtypes of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR). Short-chain alpha-neurotoxins preferentially inhibit muscle-type nAChRs, whereas long-chain alpha-neurotoxins block both muscle-type and alpha7 homooligomeric neuronal nAChRs. An additional disulfide in the central loop of alpha- and kappa-neurotoxins is(More)
SLURP-1 is a secreted toxin-like Ly-6/uPAR protein found in epithelium, sensory neurons and immune cells. Point mutations in the slurp-1 gene cause the autosomal inflammation skin disease Mal de Meleda. SLURP-1 is considered an autocrine/paracrine hormone that regulates growth and differentiation of keratinocytes and controls inflammation and malignant cell(More)
The Ly-6 superfamily of proteins, which affects diverse processes in the immune system, has attracted renewed attention due to the ability of some Ly-6 proteins to bind to and modulate the function of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). However, there is a scarcity of knowledge regarding the distribution and developmental regulation of(More)
Human LYNX1, belonging to the Ly6/neurotoxin family of three-finger proteins, is membrane-tethered with a glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor and modulates the activity of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR). Recent preparation of LYNX1 as an individual protein in the form of water-soluble domain lacking glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor (ws-LYNX1;(More)
The structure and dynamics of the isolated voltage-sensing domain (VSD) of the archaeal potassium channel KvAP was studied by high-resolution NMR. The almost complete backbone resonance assignment and partial side-chain assignment of the (2)H,(13)C,(15)N-labeled VSD were obtained for the protein domain solubilized in DPC/LDAO (2:1) mixed micelles. Secondary(More)