Ekaterina Marinova

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IL-17-producing CD4(+) T helper (Th17) cells have recently been defined as a unique subset of proinflammatory helper cells whose development depends on signaling initiated by IL-6 and TGF-beta, autocrine activity of IL-21, activation of STAT3, and induction of the orphan nuclear receptor RORgammat. The maintenance, expansion, and further differentiation of(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of CXCL13 in the development and pathogenesis of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), and to determine the mechanisms involved in the modulation of arthritogenic response by CXCL13 neutralization. METHODS Mice were immunized with type II collagen (CII) and treated with anti-CXCL13 or control antibodies during boosting. Mice(More)
Vα24-invariant NKT cells inhibit tumor growth by targeting tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). Tumor progression therefore requires that TAMs evade NKT cell activity through yet-unknown mechanisms. Here we report that a subset of cells in neuroblastoma (NB) cell lines and primary tumors expresses membrane-bound TNF-α (mbTNF-α). These proinflammatory tumor(More)
Germinal center (GC) reaction is a T cell-dependent process in which activated B cells mature to produce high-affinity Abs and differentiate into memory B cells. The GC microenvironment is almost exclusively reserved for the optimal Ag-specific B cell clonal expansion, selection, and maturation, but lack significant conventional CD4(+) T cell responses. The(More)
Advances in the design of chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) have improved the antitumor efficacy of redirected T cells. However, functional heterogeneity of CAR T cells limits their therapeutic potential and is associated with toxicity. We proposed that CAR expression in Vα24-invariant natural killer T (NKT) cells can build on the natural antitumor(More)
Decline in cellular immunity in aging compromises protection against infectious diseases and leads to the increased susceptibility of the elderly to infection. In particular, Ag-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response against virus is markedly reduced in an aged immune system. It is of great importance to explore novel strategy in eliciting effective(More)
In the present work, we have dissected the mechanisms responsible for the impaired humoral responses in aging. We found that there was a substantially higher level of Ab-forming cells in the spleens of aged mice than that of young controls. However, the number of high-affinity, class-switched Ab-forming cells was severely decreased in the spleen of aged(More)
B cells play a pathogenic or regulatory role in many autoimmune diseases through production of autoantibodies, cytokine production, and Ag presentation. However, the mechanisms that regulate these B cell functions under different autoimmune settings remain unclear. In the current study, we found that when B cells overexpress an antiapoptotic gene, Bcl(XL),(More)
CXCL14 is a relatively new chemokine with unidentified receptor and undefined function. Recently, we found that CXCL14 is upregulated in arthritic joints in a mouse model of autoimmune arthritis, collagen-induced arthritis. To examine the role of CXCL14 in the development and pathogenesis of autoimmune arthritis, we have generated transgenic (Tg) mice that(More)
It has not been resolved whether gammadelta T cells can collaborate with germinal center B cells and support Ig hypermutation during an Ab response to a truly defined T-dependent Ag. In this study, we show that in the absence of alphabeta T cells, immunization with the well-defined T-dependent Ag, (4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl) acetyl (NP) conjugate, was able to(More)