Ekaterina G Frank

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The damage-inducible UmuD' and UmuC proteins are required for most SOS mutagenesis in Escherichia coli. Our recent assay to reconstitute this process in vitro, using a native UmuD'(2)C complex, revealed that the highly purified preparation contained DNA polymerase activity. Here we eliminate the possibility that this activity is caused by a contaminating(More)
Damage-induced SOS mutagenesis requiring the UmuD'C proteins occurs as part of the cells' global response to DNA damage. In vitro studies on the biochemical basis of SOS mutagenesis have been hampered by difficulties in obtaining biologically active UmuC protein, which, when overproduced, is insoluble in aqueous solution. We have circumvented this problem(More)
DNA polymerase iota (pol iota) is one of several recently discovered DNA polymerases in mammalian cells whose function is unknown. We report here that human pol iota has an intrinsic 5'-deoxyribose phosphate (dRP) lyase activity. In reactions reconstituted with uracil-DNA glycosylase (UDG), apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) endonuclease and DNA ligase I, pol iota(More)
DNA damage-inducible mutagenesis in Escherichia coli is largely dependent upon the activity of the UmuD (UmuD') and UmuC proteins. The intracellular level of these proteins is tightly regulated at both the transcriptional and the posttranslational levels. Such regulation presumably allows cells to deal with DNA damage via error-free repair pathways before(More)
Most SOS mutagenesis in Escherichia coli is dependent on the UmuD and UmuC proteins. Perhaps as a consequence, the activity of these proteins is exquisitely regulated. The intracellular level of UmuD and UmuC is normally quite low but increases dramatically in lon- strains, suggesting that both proteins are substrates of the Lon protease. We report here(More)
For life to be sustained, mistakes in DNA repair must be tolerated when damage obscures the genetic information. In bacteria such as Escherichia coli, DNA damage elicits the well regulated 'SOS response'. For the extreme case of damage that cannot be repaired by conventional enzymes, there are proteins that allow the replication of DNA through such lesions,(More)
N3-methyl-adenine (3MeA) is the major cytotoxic lesion formed in DNA by S(N)2 methylating agents. The lesion presumably blocks progression of cellular replicases because the N3-methyl group hinders interactions between the polymerase and the minor groove of DNA. However, this hypothesis has yet to be rigorously proven, as 3MeA is intrinsically unstable and(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae RAD30 gene encodes DNA polymerase . Humans possess two Rad30 homologs. One (RAD30A/POLH) has previously been characterized and shown to be defective in humans with the Xeroderma pigmentosum variant phenotype. Here, we report experiments demonstrating that the second human homolog (RAD30B), also encodes a novel DNA polymerase(More)
All DNA polymerases require a divalent cation for catalytic activity. It is generally assumed that Mg(2+) is the physiological cofactor for replicative DNA polymerases in vivo. However, recent studies suggest that certain repair polymerases, such as pol lambda, may preferentially utilize Mn(2+) in vitro. Here we report on the effects of Mn(2+) and Mg(2+) on(More)
Recent studies suggest that DNA polymerase eta (poleta) and DNA polymerase iota (poliota) are involved in somatic hypermutation of immunoglobulin variable genes. To test the role of poliota in generating mutations in an animal model, we first characterized the biochemical properties of murine poliota. Like its human counterpart, murine poliota is extremely(More)