Ekaterina G. Frank

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Recent studies suggest that DNA polymerase eta (poleta) and DNA polymerase iota (poliota) are involved in somatic hypermutation of immunoglobulin variable genes. To test the role of poliota in generating mutations in an animal model, we first characterized the biochemical properties of murine poliota. Like its human counterpart, murine poliota is extremely(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae RAD30 gene encodes DNA polymerase ␩. Humans possess two Rad30 homologs. One (RAD30A/POLH) has previously been characterized and shown to be defective in humans with the Xeroderma pigmentosum variant phenotype. Here, we report experiments demonstrating that the second human homolog (RAD30B), also encodes a novel DNA polymerase(More)
For life to be sustained, mistakes in DNA repair must be tolerated when damage obscures the genetic information. In bacteria such as Escherichia coli, DNA damage elicits the well regulated 'SOS response'. For the extreme case of damage that cannot be repaired by conventional enzymes, there are proteins that allow the replication of DNA through such lesions,(More)
Human DNA polymerase iota is a low-fidelity template copier that preferentially catalyzes the incorporation of the wobble base G, rather than the Watson-Crick base A, opposite template T (Tissier, A., McDonald, J. P., Frank, E. G., and Woodgate, R. (2000) Genes Dev. 14, 1642-1650; Johnson, R. E., Washington, M. T., Haracska, L., Prakash, S., and Prakash, L.(More)
N3-methyl-adenine (3MeA) is the major cytotoxic lesion formed in DNA by S(N)2 methylating agents. The lesion presumably blocks progression of cellular replicases because the N3-methyl group hinders interactions between the polymerase and the minor groove of DNA. However, this hypothesis has yet to be rigorously proven, as 3MeA is intrinsically unstable and(More)
DNA polymerase iota (pol iota) is one of several recently discovered DNA polymerases in mammalian cells whose function is unknown. We report here that human pol iota has an intrinsic 5'-deoxyribose phosphate (dRP) lyase activity. In reactions reconstituted with uracil-DNA glycosylase (UDG), apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) endonuclease and DNA ligase I, pol iota(More)
Human DNA polymerases (pols) η and ι are Y-family DNA polymerase paralogs that facilitate translesion synthesis past damaged DNA. Both polη and polι can be monoubiquitinated in vivo. Polη has been shown to be ubiquitinated at one primary site. When this site is unavailable, three nearby lysines may become ubiquitinated. In contrast, mass spectrometry(More)
Xenopus oocytes and oocyte nuclear extracts repair ultraviolet photoproducts on double-stranded (ds) DNA and replicate single-stranded (ss) to ds DNA. M13 ss DNA molecules containing cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers were maintained but not replicated in Xenopus oocytes yet were replicated in progesterone-matured oocytes. The replication arrest functioned only(More)
Several important anti-tumor agents form DNA interstrand crosslinks (ICLs), but their clinical efficiency is counteracted by multiple complex DNA repair pathways. All of these pathways require unhooking of the ICL from one strand of a DNA duplex by nucleases, followed by bypass of the unhooked ICL by translesion synthesis (TLS) polymerases. The structures(More)
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