Ekaterina Avershina

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BACKGROUND Depression is a chronic syndrome with a pathogenesis linked to various genetic, biological, and environmental factors. Several links between gut microbiota and depression have been established in animal models. In humans, however, few correlations have yet been demonstrated. The aim of our work was therefore to identify potential correlations(More)
The intestinal microbiota has become a relevant aspect of human health. Microbial colonization runs in parallel with immune system maturation and plays a role in intestinal physiology and regulation. Increasing evidence on early microbial contact suggest that human intestinal microbiota is seeded before birth. Maternal microbiota forms the first microbial(More)
Our knowledge about the microbiota associated with the onset of IBD is limited. The aim of our study was to investigate the correlation between IBD and the fecal microbiota for early diagnosed untreated patients. The fecal samples used were a part of the Inflammatory Bowel South-Eastern Norway II (IBSEN II) study and were collected from CD patients (n =(More)
Bifidobacteria are a major microbial component of infant gut microbiota, which is believed to promote health benefits for the host and stimulate maturation of the immune system. Despite their perceived importance, very little is known about the natural development of and possible correlations between bifidobacteria in human populations. To address this(More)
Honey bees (Apis mellifera) are prominent crop pollinators and are, thus, important for effective food production. The honey bee gut microbiota is mainly host specific, with only a few species being shared with other insects. It currently remains unclear how environmental/dietary conditions affect the microbiota within a honey bee population over time.(More)
A key message from a range of high profile next generation sequencing studies on the human microbiota is that it composes a tremendously rich community of more than 1000 species within each one of us. Although more recent studies have shown estimates of between 100 and 200 species per individual, this has not yet been made clear in the literature.(More)
The human intestinal microbiota plays a major beneficial role in immune development and resistance to pathogens. The use of antibiotics, however, can cause the spread of antibiotic resistance genes within the resident intestinal microbiota. Important vectors for this are integrons. This review therefore focuses on the integrons in non-pathogenic bacteria as(More)
Despite the importance, the diversity of the human infant gut microbiota still remains poorly characterized at the regional scale. Here, we investigated the faecal microbiota diversity in a large 16S rRNA gene data set from a healthy cohort of 86 mothers and their children from the Trondheim region in Norway. Samples were collected from mothers during early(More)
Transition from an infant to an adult associated gut microbiota with age through establishment of strict anaerobic bacteria remains one of the key unresolved questions in gut microbial ecology. Here a comprehensive comparative analysis of stool microbiota in a large cohort of mothers and their children sampled longitudinally up until 2 years of age using(More)
The current leading view is that functionality and not phylotype is the most important determinant for the services provided by the gut microbiota. Here we present an alternative opinion, advocating the importance of phylotype in addition to function. We believe the literature is misled by technical artifacts in defining operational taxonomic units (OTUs),(More)