Ekaterina A Karpova

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Both the α- and β-anomers of 4-methylumbelliferyl-D-glucosaminide were synthesized and shown to be substrates for the lysosomal acetyl-CoA: glucosaminideN-acetyltransferase. Using the β-anomer, fibroblasts and leukocytes from 11 different Sanfilippo C patients showed <1% of mean normalN-acetyltransferase activity. Heterozygotes showed intermediate(More)
4-Methylumbelliferyl-α-d-N-sulphoglucosaminide (MU-α-GlcNS) was synthesized and shown to be a substrate for the lysosomal heparin sulphamidase. Sanfilippo A patients' fibroblasts (n=42) and lymphocytes (n=1) showed 0–3% of mean normal heparin sulphamidase activity; in total leukocytes from patients (n=8) sulphamidase activity was clearly deficient. In(More)
The following glycosides of 4-trifluoromethylumbelliferone: alpha-D-mannopyranoside, alpha-L-fucopyranoside, alpha-D-glucopyranoside, beta-D-glucopyranoside, alpha-D-galactopyranoside, beta-D-galactopyranoside, alpha-L-iduronide and beta-D-glucuronide were studied. 4-Trifluoromethylumbelliferyl glycosides were shown to be substrates for glycosidases. Some(More)
We have investigated the use of a 4-methylumbelliferone (MU)-derived artificial substrate, MU-alpha-D-N-sulphoglucosaminide, for the sulphamidase assay in chorionic villi and amniotic fluid cells. In the new two-step enzyme assay, fluorescent MU is released by the successive action of endogenous sulphamidase and an added yeast enzyme preparation which(More)
A large Russian family with multiple cases of Fabry disease in several generations is presented. Fourteen family members were clinico-biochemically examined. Among 12 adult children (19-32 years old) of one couple, five sons manifested angiokeratotic skin lesions and other Fabry symptoms. Biochemical studies including an enzyme assay, the analysis of(More)
A new fluorogenic substrate, 4-methylumbelliferyl beta-D-glucosaminide, was used for the assay of acetyl CoA:glucosaminide N-acetyltransferase in chorionic villi, cultured villus cells, and amniocytes. Optimal conditions for the assay and the ranges of enzyme activity were established for the various types of fetal cells. This simple fluorometric assay(More)
Analysing terms of occupational respiratory dust diseases formation proved that length of service under exposure to chrysotile-asbestos aerosols, which is according to prognosis associated with final development of dust diseases in half of the examinees, is 33.55 years. Dynamics of final diagnostic criteria formation for occupational disease in relation to(More)
The article covers results of studies concerning time of fluorosis development in patients with signs of connective tissue dysplasia syndrome (CTDS). if compared with patients without CTDS, and of studies concerning hyperostosis coefficient in accordance with presence or absence of CTDS. Efficiency of physical therapy and balneotherapy for these patients(More)
Condensation of enynones readily available from cheap starting material with pyrazolamines provides easy access to fluorescent 7-(trimethylsilylethynyl)pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidines. The reaction is straightforward, does not require the use of any additional reagents or catalysts, and can be performed without inert atmosphere. Various substituents and(More)
Activity of alpha-L-iduronidase was studied in leukocytes of healthy persons, of patients with Hurler disease and of heterozygous carriers of the disease where 4-methylumbelliferyl-alpha-L-iduronide and 4-trifluoromethylumbelliferyl-alpha-L-iduronide were used as substrates. 4-Trifluoromethylumbelliferyl-alpha-L-iduronide proved to be also a specific(More)