Ekachai Jenwitheesuk

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Drug resistance is a major obstacle to the successful treatment of HIV-1 infection. Genotypic assays are used widely to provide indirect evidence of drug resistance, but the performance of these assays has been mixed. We used standard stepwise linear regression to construct drug resistance models for seven protease inhibitors and 10 reverse transcriptase(More)
BACKGROUND Cytochrome P450 enzymes (P450s) have been implicated in insecticide resistance. Anopheles minumus mosquito P450 isoforms CYP6AA3 and CYP6P7 are capable of metabolizing pyrethroid insecticides, however CYP6P8 lacks activity against this class of compounds. FINDINGS Homology models of the three An. minimus P450 enzymes were constructed using the(More)
Emergence of drug resistance remains one of the most challenging issues in the treatment of HIV-1 infection. Here we focus on resistance to HIV-1 protease inhibitors (PIs) at a molecular level, which can be analysed genotypically or phenotypically. Genotypic assays are based on the analysis of mutations associated with reduced drug susceptibility, but are(More)
BACKGROUND The accurate prediction of enzyme-substrate interaction energies is one of the major challenges in computational biology. This study describes the improvement of protein-ligand binding energy prediction by incorporating protein flexibility through the use of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. RESULTS Docking experiments were undertaken using(More)
The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) is a serious respiratory illness that has recently been reported in parts of Asia and Canada. In this study, we use molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and docking techniques to screen 29 approved and experimental drugs against the theoretical model of the SARS CoV proteinase as well as the experimental structure(More)
We introduce a publicly available webserver, PIRSpred accurate human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) genotypic resistance/susceptibility prediction. The server accepts mutant HIV-1 protease or reverse transcriptase (RT) enzyme sequences as input and predicts resistance/ susceptibility to several FDA-approved inhibitors using three approaches: linear(More)
Viral fusogenic envelope proteins are important targets for the development of inhibitors of viral entry. We report an approach for the computational design of peptide inhibitors of the dengue 2 virus (DENV-2) envelope (E) protein using high-resolution structural data from a pre-entry dimeric form of the protein. By using predictive strategies together with(More)
Severe dengue virus (DENV) disease symptoms, including dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome, have been correlated with the presence of pre-existing antibodies that enhance rather than neutralize infections in Fc receptor bearing cells. These antibodies can originate from previous infection with a different serotype of dengue, or from waning(More)
Minocycline, a broad spectrum antibiotic, has been discovered to have inhibitory activity against HIV-1 in vitro, but the targets inhibited are unknown. We used a docking with dynamics protocol developed by us to predict the binding affinities of minocycline against seven active sites of five HIV-1 proteins to putatively identify the potential target(s) of(More)