Eithne Powell

Learn More
The zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas), a bivalve species originally native to the Black and Caspian seas, has invaded Ireland in the last decade. Five microsatellite loci were used to investigate genetic diversity and population structure in 10 populations across Europe (Ireland, UK, the Netherlands and Romania) and the Great Lakes (Lake Ontario(More)
Mechanical properties of the lung were studied in nine healthy lowlanders during a 6-day sojourn at an altitude of 3,457 m. In comparison to sea-level values, it was found at altitude that 1) lung volumes measured by plethysmography including total lung capacity, vital capacity, and functional residual capacity (FRC) presented small changes not exceeding(More)
To examine the mechanism of hyperinflation in bronchial asthma we studied lung and chest wall mechanics in 7 asymptomatic patients in whom progressive bronchoconstriction was induced by doubling the amount of inhaled aerosolized histamine. An increase in pulmonary resistance (RL) from 2.5 +/- 0.3 cmH2O . 1-1 . s (mean, +/- 1 SE) to 12.3 +/- 0.9 cmH2 was(More)
We have recently shown that selective mu-opiate receptor agonists increase blood pressure and heart rate when injected into the anteroventral hypothalamus (AV3V) of the conscious rat, and that lesions of this area may worsen the effects of hypovolemia. These experiments suggested the possibility that mu-agonists might enhance cardiovascular recuperation(More)
Thermoneutral head-out water immersion (WI) of humans leads to a sustained elevation of cardiac output (QCO), while systemic VO2 is unchanged. However, the regional blood flow responses (Qr) to WI are largely unknown. In eight dogs anesthetized with pentobarbital sodium, relative to the control vertical position in air with the chest and abdomen upright(More)
Between April 1982 and March 1983, 10 of 26 (38.4%) allogeneic bone marrow transplant recipients housed on a newly opened bone marrow transplant unit developed invasive aspergillosis. By contrast, between September 1977 and March 1982, only 3 of 46 (6%) transplant recipients developed invasive aspergillosis. A case-control study to identify host factors(More)
This report describes a new method, the splay angle measures, to determine neuromuscular dysfunction. Splay angles are measured from a standard splay test and define hind limb orientation quantified, in degrees, by the paw strike of the hind limbs. We used mutant rats, presenting with a chronic central nervous system demyelinating disease, characterized by(More)
A total of 64 episodes of bacteremia and fungemia were documented in 25 allogeneic bone marrow transplant recipients. Coagulase-negative staphylococci were the most common pathogens recovered, with 34 of the 39 isolated being methicillin resistant. Streptococcus viridans (11 episodes), diphtheroids (5 episodes), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (4 episodes)(More)
We infused peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) into 51 patients with various malignant disorders, after myeloablative conditioning. Twenty-four patients also received autologous bone marrow (PBSC + BM). In a multivariate analysis, the only statistically significant predictors of neutrophil engraftment were log-dose CFU-GM (P < 0.001) and the number of prior(More)
In the present study the effects of thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) and its stable analogue, CG3703, on cardiac output (thermodilution, Cardiomax) and regional blood flow (BF; directional pulsed Doppler technique) were investigated in hypovolemic hypotension in the rat. In urethan-anesthetized rats TRH (0.5 or 2 mg/kg ia) or CG3703 (0.05 or 0.5 mg/kg(More)