Learn More
In this work we show how to combine bottom-up and top-down approaches into a single figure-ground segmentation process. This process provides accurate delineation of object boundaries that cannot be achieved by either the top-down or bottom-up approach alone. The top-down approach uses object representation learned from examples to detect an object in a(More)
We present a novel approach that allows us to reliably compute many useful properties of a silhouette. Our approach assigns, for every internal point of the silhouette, a value reflecting the mean time required for a random walk beginning at the point to hit the boundaries. This function can be computed by solving Poisson's equation, with the silhouette(More)
Finding salient, coherent regions in images is the basis for many visual tasks, and is especially important for object recognition. Human observers perform this task with ease, relying on a system in which hierarchical processing seems to have a critical role. Despite many attempts, computerized algorithms have so far not demonstrated robust segmentation(More)
We present a new method for automatic segmentation of heterogeneous image data that takes a step toward bridging the gap between bottom-up affinity-based segmentation methods and top-down generative model based approaches. The main contribution of the paper is a Bayesian formulation for incorporating soft model assignments into the calculation of(More)
We introduce a fast, multiscale algorithm for image segmentation. Our algorithm uses modern numeric techniques to nd an approximate solution to normalized cut measures in time that is linear in the size of the image with only a few dozen operations per pixel. In just one pass the algorithm provides a complete hierarchical decomposition of the image into(More)
Texture segmentation is a difficult problem, as is apparent from camouflage pictures. A Textured region can contain texture elements of various sizes, each of which can itself be textured. We approach this problem using a bottom-up aggregation framework that combines structural characteristics of texture elements with filter responses. Our process(More)
Image segmentation is difficult because objects may differ from their background by any of a variety of properties that can be observed in some, but often not all scales. A further complication is that coarse measurements, applied to the image for detecting these properties, often average over properties of neighboring segments, making it difficult to(More)
The detection of smooth curves in images and their completion over gaps are two important problems in perceptual grouping. In this paper we examine the notion of completion energy and introduce a fast method to compute the most likely completions in images. Specifically, we develop two novel analytic approximations to the curve of least energy. In addition,(More)
We present a new method for automatic segmentation of heterogeneous image data, which is very common in medical image analysis. The main contribution of the paper is a mathematical formulation for incorporating soft model assignments into the calculation of affinities, which are traditionally model free. We integrate the resulting model-aware affinities(More)