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For more than a century, Jews and non-Jews alike have tried to define the relatedness of contemporary Jewish people. Previous genetic studies of blood group and serum markers suggested that Jewish groups had Middle Eastern origin with greater genetic similarity between paired Jewish populations. However, these and successor studies of monoallelic Y(More)
We performed a three-phase genome-wide association study (GWAS) using cases and controls from a genetically isolated population, Ashkenazi Jews (AJ), to identify loci associated with breast cancer risk. In the first phase, we compared allele frequencies of 150,080 SNPs in 249 high-risk, BRCA1/2 mutation-negative AJ familial cases and 299 cancer-free AJ(More)
Several options for cancer prevention are available for women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation, including prophylactic surgery, chemoprevention and screening. The authors report on preventive practices in women with mutations from 9 countries and examine differences in uptake according to country. Women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation were contacted after(More)
CONTEXT Women with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation are often advised to undergo preventive oophorectomy. The effectiveness of this intervention has not been prospectively evaluated in a large cohort. OBJECTIVES To estimate the incidence of ovarian, fallopian tube, and primary peritoneal cancer in women who carry a deleterious mutation in BRCA1 or BRCA2. To(More)
Monoamines modulate neuronal differentiation, and alteration of monoamine neurotransmission during development produces specific changes in neuronal structure, function, and pattern formation. We have previously observed that prenatal exposure to cocaine in a clinically relevant animal model produces increased length of pyramidal neuron dendrites in the(More)
CNS remyelination and functional recovery often occur after experimental demyelination in adult rodents. This has been attributed to the ability of mature oligodendrocytes and/or their precursor cells to divide and regenerate in response to signals in demyelinating lesions. To determine whether oligodendrocyte precursor cells exist in the adult human CNS,(More)
Previous work has demonstrated that in utero cocaine exposure induces an uncoupling of brain D(1A) dopamine receptors (D(1A)DARs) from G(s)-protein. The present work is an attempt to define the mechanism underlying the uncoupling. We detected a significant elevation of phosphoserine in frontal cortical D(1A)DARs of rabbits that were exposed prenatally to(More)
The early appearance of monoamine systems in the developing mammalian CNS suggests that they play a role in neural development. We review data from two model systems that provide compelling new evidence of this role. In one model system-in utero exposure to cocaine-specific and robust alterations are seen in dopamine-rich areas of the cerebral cortex, such(More)
RAD51 is an important component of double-stranded DNA-repair mechanisms that interacts with both BRCA1 and BRCA2. A single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the 5' untranslated region (UTR) of RAD51, 135G-->C, has been suggested as a possible modifier of breast cancer risk in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers. We pooled genotype data for 8,512 female(More)
PURPOSE We compared the outcome of breast-conserving surgery and radiotherapy in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers with breast cancer versus that of matched sporadic controls. METHODS A total of 160 BRCA1/2 mutation carriers with breast cancer were matched with 445 controls with sporadic breast cancer. Primary end points were rates of in-breast tumor recurrence(More)