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We propose a new sealed battery operating on a redox reaction between an oxide (O(2-)) and a peroxide (O2(2-)) with its theoretical specific energy of 2570 Wh kg(-1) (897 mAh g(-1), 2.87 V) and demonstrate that a Co-doped Li2O cathode exhibits a reversible capacity over 190 mAh g(-1), a high rate capability, and a good cyclability with a superconcentrated(More)
Theoretical calculations of electron energy loss near edge structures (ELNES) of lattice imperfections, particularly a Ni(111)/ZrO₂(111) heterointerface and an Al₂O₃ stacking fault on the {1100} plane, are performed using a first principles pseudopotential method. The present calculation can qualitatively reproduce spectral features as well as chemical(More)
The electrode kinetics of Li-ion batteries, which are important for battery utilization in electric vehicles, are affected by the grain size, crystal orientation, and surface structure of electrode materials. However, the kinetic influences of the grain interior structure and element segregation are poorly understood, especially for Li-rich layered oxides(More)
Structural ceramics are typically used in polycrystalline form. It is well known that polycrystalline ceramics often show the intergranular fracture. To improve their mechanical properties, transition metals can be used as dopants into a bulk material, which tend to segregate into the grain boundaries[1]. However, the effect of dopant segregation on grain(More)
At present, significant research efforts are being devoted both to identifying means of upgrading existing batteries, including lithium ion types, and also to developing alternate technologies, such as sodium ion, metal-air, and lithium-sulfur batteries. In addition, new battery systems incorporating novel electrode reactions are being identified. One such(More)
Dislocations, one-dimensional lattice defects, are known to strongly interact with impurity atoms in a crystal. This interaction is generally explained on the basis of the long-range strain field of the dislocation. In ionic crystals, the impurity-dislocation interactions must be influenced by the electrostatic effect in addition to the strain effect.(More)
Atomic-scale defects strongly influence the electrical and optical properties of materials, and their impact can be more pronounced in localized dimensions. Here, we directly demonstrate that strain triggers the formation of oxygen vacancies in complex oxides by examining the tilt boundary of SrTiO3 bicrystals. Through transmission electron microscopy and(More)
Structures of <111> low-angle tilt grain boundaries in yttria-stabilized cubic zirconia bicrystals were characterized by conventional transmission electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy. It is found that the 0.4 and 4.0 degrees tilt grain boundaries(More)
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