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BACKGROUND & AIMS One approach to the development of targeted cancer chemotherapy exploits increased uptake of the agent into neoplastic cells. In this scenario, higher concentrations of the agent in cancer cells are responsible for differential killing, whereas the low concentration in normal human cells decreases side effects. The aim of this study was to(More)
Some undifferentiated gastric carcinomas with intense lymphoid infiltration have a striking resemblance to nasopharyngeal lymphoepithelioma. The authors identified eight such cases (seven patients from Japan and one from the United States) of undifferentiated gastric carcinoma (lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma [LELC]) and examined them for Epstein-Barr(More)
We studied 99 patients who were undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) to determine the optimum protocol for the administration of tranexamic acid (TNA) in order to reduce blood loss. It decreased by more than 40% after the administration of TNA. The haemostatic effect was greatest when TNA was given preoperatively and on deflation of the tourniquet.(More)
Fibroblast activation protein (FAP)/seprase is a serine integral membrane proteinase with gelatinase activity, which is expressed by activated fibroblasts in the stroma of various epithelial cancers, mesenchymal tumors and breast-cancer cells, as well as during wound repair. However, the pathophysiologic significance of its expression remains poorly(More)
Immunocytochemical staining of spinal cords from five autopsied patients with HAM/TSP was performed using a panel of monoclonal antibodies reactive with T cells. T cell subsets, B cells, macrophages, natural killer cells, IL-2 receptor-positive cells, and HLA-ABC and HLA-DR. In the spinal cords of patients with a shorter duration of illness, CD4+ cells,(More)
Mitochondria are the major site for the generation of ATP at the expense of molecular oxygen. Significant fractions (approximately 2%) of oxygen are converted to the superoxide radical and its reactive metabolites (ROS) in and around mitochondria. Although ROS have been known to impair a wide variety of biological molecules including lipids, proteins and(More)
T-cell infiltration into human cancer tissues can be a manifestation of host immune responses to cancer cells. The present study was undertaken to explore the clinicopathological significance of intraepithelial CD8(+) T cells using 371 consecutively sampled human colorectal carcinomas. By univariate analysis, we noted that the survival curves by(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play important roles in the defense mechanism against infection and in the pathogenesis of various diseases. Although chemical properties of ROS generated by leukocytes have been studied extensively, methods available for their analysis are not sufficiently sensitive. We found that(More)
Previously it has been found that the MUC2 gene for intestinal type secretory mucin is highly expressed in intraductal papillary mucinous tumors (IPMT), which are characterized by non-invasive growth and a favorable outcome. In contrast, MUC2 mRNA is rarely expressed in invasive ductal carcinomas (IDC), which have poor outcomes. The gastric type secretory(More)
To investigate the involvement of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP kinase) in meiotic maturation of porcine oocytes, we assayed MAP kinase activity using myelin basic protein (MBP) as a substrate. MAP kinase activity was low during the germinal vesicle stage, 0-20 h of culture. An abrupt increase was observed at metaphase I (30 h of culture), and(More)