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This paper proposes an endoscopic forceps manipulator with 2-DOFs bending mechanism by multi-slider linkage mechanisms and 1-DOF wire-driven grasping mechanism. Careful design of the linkage channels and restoring springs enabled unique, independent and stable bending procedure from − − − −90 to 90 degrees on the horizontal and vertical plane to secure(More)
We developed a combined system of tumor detection by 5-ALA-induced PpIX fluorescence and precise ablation by micro laser for the first time, with an automatic focusing and robotic scanning mechanism for the brain surface. 5-ALA accumulates on tumors to be metabolized to become PpIX that is a fluorescent. Intra-operative detection of 5-ALA induced PpIX(More)
This paper describes a master-slave surgical robotic system with software modular system design, which integrates various independently developed surgical devices. When we add new functions to the developed modular system, there is no need for time-consuming redesign of the entire system. However, we cannot evaluate the computational system load exactly(More)
Status of This Memo This memo provides information for the Internet community. It does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Abstract This document describes several use cases of peering of non-VoIP (Voice over IP) services between two or more Service Providers. These Service Providers create a peering(More)
Presently 4 years in operation, the strategy has produced a comprehensive and homogeneous global archive in which consistent time-series of data are available for any arbitrary point or region on Earth. Clouds and haze inevitably constitute limitations for the oprtical sensors, while for the PALSAR instrument, two cloud-free and near-gap free (~95%) global(More)