Eishi Esaki

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The fusion glycoprotein precursor of Newcastle disease virus is ubiquitously cleaved in the constitutive secretory pathway if it possesses an oligobasic cleavage motif (RRQR/KR), whereas the precursor is refractory to cleavage if the motif is monobasic (GR/KQGR). We examined the cleavage activity of the mammalian subtilisin-related proteinases furin/PACE,(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with cancer, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is elevated and is a predictor of prognosis. We investigated whether serum HGF was a predictive marker for cancer death in a population of community-dwelling Japanese. METHODS We studied 1492 apparently healthy Japanese adults who underwent health examinations in 1999. Those who reported a(More)
Aldosterone plays a role in hypertension, and hypertension is prevalent in patients with insulin resistance. Cross-sectional studies have reported that plasma aldosterone levels are higher in patients with insulin resistance. However, it is not known whether plasma aldosterone levels predict the development of insulin resistance. Subjects of the present(More)
High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) are strong predictors of atherosclerosis. Statin-induced changes in the ratio of LDL-C to HDL-C (LDL-C/HDL-C) predicted atherosclerosis progression better than LDL-C or HDL-C alone. However, the best predictor of subclinical atherosclerosis remains unknown. Our(More)
High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), a nonhistone chromatin-associated protein, is implicated as a mediator of both infectious and non-infectious inflammatory conditions. Clinical research on this protein in humans just has begun; serum HMGB1 was reported to be elevated in a small number of critically ill patients suffering from sepsis. However, the kinetics,(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent vasoconstrictor derived from the endothelium. However, most large scale cross-sectional studies in humans have indicated no relationship between plasma ET-1 levels and hypertension. The present study was designed to determine whether high plasma ET-1 levels predict the development of hypertension. METHODS A total(More)
OBJECTIVES Vaspin is a novel adipocytokine with potential insulin-sensitizing properties. Insulin resistance (IR) plays a role in the development and progression of atherosclerosis. However, the relationship between serum vaspin levels and atherosclerosis remains unknown. Therefore, we investigated whether vaspin was correlated with carotid intima-media(More)
The expression of asialo GM1 (GA1) was observed on almost all thymocytes from young musk shrew, at the age of 4 weeks by flow cytometric analysis. In adult shrew aged 10 months, the ratio of GA1-negative thymocytes was increased. Among several anti-glycolipid antibodies used, anti-GM1 and anti-Forssman also reacted with the thymocytes. Protein fraction of(More)
Pharmacokinetic, bacteriological and clinical studies on S-1108 were performed in children. The results were as follows: 1. A total of 11 patients were treated with S-1108. Each dose was 3 mg/kg, orally administered 3 times daily for 4-14 days. The clinical efficacies of S-1108 in 10 patients with bacterial infections (1 with bacteremia, 4 with pneumonia, 1(More)
BACKGROUND Remnant-like lipoprotein particle cholesterol (RLP-C) is a highly atherogenic factor. RLP-C induces endothelial dysfunction and is associated with hyperinsulinemia. This study was designed to determine whether high plasma RLP-C levels predispose to the development of hypertension in subjects with normal blood pressure (BP). METHODS A total of(More)