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Cyclophilins are a family of proteins that bind the immunosuppressant cyclosporin A, possess peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase activity, and assist in the folding of proteins. Human cyclophilins A and B are host cell proteins that bind specifically to the HIV-1 Gag polyprotein p55gag in vitro. Here we report that viral particles formed by p55gag, in(More)
Costimulatory molecules play important roles in immune responses. In the present study we investigated the effects of PGE(2) on the expression of ICAM-1, B7.1, and B7.2 on monocytes in IL-18-stimulated PBMC using FACS analysis. Addition of PGE(2) to PBMC inhibited ICAM-1 and B7.2 expression elicited by IL-18 in a concentration-dependent manner. We examined(More)
Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites constitute the cardinal neuropathological features of both Parkinson's disease (PD) and Lewy body dementia (LBD). Whereas alpha-synuclein has been found to be the major component of the Lewy body, the mechanisms by which neurons degenerate, as well as basic mechanisms involved in the formation of alpha-synuclein-related(More)
It is not known how the protein Bcl-2 inhibits cell death induced by calcium signalling and growth-factor withdrawal. Here we report that Bcl-2 forms a tight complex with calcineurin, resulting in the targeting of calcineurin to Bcl-2 sites on cytoplasmic membranes, and show that this interaction is dependent on the BH4 domain of Bcl-2. Calcineurin bound to(More)
To date, there are very few in vivo studies addressing the role of Bcl-2 phosphorylation. In a model of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury, we characterized the spatial and temporal phosphorylation of Bcl-2 at serine-24 (PS24-Bcl-2), using a site-specific antibody. Very few cells positive for PS24-Bcl-2 were found in control animals, but the number(More)
BACKGROUND Epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) is known to be associated with chemoresistance as well as increased invasion/metastasis. However, the relationship between EMT and resistance to an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) -targeting drug in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remains unknown. In this study, we investigated the(More)
High-frequent silencing of hematopoietic cell-specific protein-tyrosine phosphatase SHP1 gene by promoter methylation was detected in various kinds of leukemias and lymphomas, as well as in many hematopoietic cell lines, which is supported by our previous observation of strong decrease of SHP1 mRNA and protein. The promoter methylation of the SHP1 gene was(More)
FK506-binding proteins are the peptidyl prolyl cis-trans isomerases that are involved in various intracellular events. We characterized a novel mouse FK506-binding protein homolog, FKBP133/KIAA0674, in the developing nervous system. FKBP133 contains a domain similar to Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein homology region 1 (WH1) and a domain homologous to(More)
The transcription factor HIF-1α (hypoxia inducible factor 1α) has an essential role in the maintenance of oxygen homeostasis in metazoans. HIF-1α expression and activity in the hypoxic response is regulated at the translation and post-translational levels. However, the mechanism and modulator of HIF-1α translation during hypoxia is not fully understood. We(More)
By studying mice in which the Nfatc1 gene was inactivated in bone marrow, spleen, or germinal center B cells, we show that NFATc1 supports the proliferation and suppresses the activation-induced cell death of splenic B cells upon B cell receptor (BCR) stimulation. BCR triggering leads to expression of NFATc1/αA, a short isoform of NFATc1, in splenic B(More)