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Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites constitute the cardinal neuropathological features of both Parkinson's disease (PD) and Lewy body dementia (LBD). Whereas alpha-synuclein has been found to be the major component of the Lewy body, the mechanisms by which neurons degenerate, as well as basic mechanisms involved in the formation of alpha-synuclein-related(More)
To date, there are very few in vivo studies addressing the role of Bcl-2 phosphorylation. In a model of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury, we characterized the spatial and temporal phosphorylation of Bcl-2 at serine-24 (PS24-Bcl-2), using a site-specific antibody. Very few cells positive for PS24-Bcl-2 were found in control animals, but the number(More)
FK506-binding proteins are the peptidyl prolyl cis-trans isomerases that are involved in various intracellular events. We characterized a novel mouse FK506-binding protein homolog, FKBP133/KIAA0674, in the developing nervous system. FKBP133 contains a domain similar to Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein homology region 1 (WH1) and a domain homologous to(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in regulating post-transcriptional gene repression in a variety of immunological processes. In particular, much attention has been focused on their roles in regulatory T (Treg) cells which are crucial for maintaining peripheral tolerance and controlling T cell responses. Recently, we established a novel type of human(More)
The transcription factor HIF-1α (hypoxia inducible factor 1α) has an essential role in the maintenance of oxygen homeostasis in metazoans. HIF-1α expression and activity in the hypoxic response is regulated at the translation and post-translational levels. However, the mechanism and modulator of HIF-1α translation during hypoxia is not fully understood. We(More)
By studying mice in which the Nfatc1 gene was inactivated in bone marrow, spleen, or germinal center B cells, we show that NFATc1 supports the proliferation and suppresses the activation-induced cell death of splenic B cells upon B cell receptor (BCR) stimulation. BCR triggering leads to expression of NFATc1/αA, a short isoform of NFATc1, in splenic B(More)
Vimentin, a type III intermediate filament (IF) protein, is phosphorylated predominantly in mitosis. The expression of a phosphorylation-compromised vimentin mutant in T24 cultured cells leads to cytokinetic failure, resulting in binucleation (multinucleation). The physiological significance of intermediate filament phosphorylation during mitosis for(More)
Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is an incurable malignancy that is caused by exposure to asbestos and is accompanied by severe fibrosis. Because MM is usually diagnosed at an advanced stage and clinical identification of early lesions is difficult, its molecular pathogenesis has not been completely elucidated. Nearly 75% of MM cases have inactivating mutations(More)
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in the blood of patients with epithelial malignancies provide a promising and minimally invasive source for early detection of metastasis, monitoring of therapeutic effects and basic research addressing the mechanism of metastasis. In this study, we developed a new filtration-based, sensitive CTC isolation device. This device(More)