Eirini Karanastasi

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The insecticidal effect of Heterorhabditis bacteriophora Poinar (Nematoda: Heterorhabditidae), Steinernema carpocapsae (Weiser) (Nematoda: Steinernematidae), and Steinernema feltiae (Filipjev) (Nematoda: Steinernematidae) against Mediterranean flour moth, Ephestia kuehniella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) (larvae), lesser grain borer, Rhyzopertha(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the incidence of pre-eclampsia is different in dichorionic compared to monochorionic twin pregnancies. METHODS The study involved 666 twin pregnancies resulting in two live births after 24 weeks of gestation. Ultrasound examination at 10-14 weeks of gestation demonstrated that 171 (25.7%) were monochorionic and 495 (74.3%)(More)
The phylogenetic interpretation of the nematode cuticle ultrastructure is reviewed within the framework of recent DNA-sequence data. In particular, the structure of the median and basal zones is discussed. Several structural elements of the cuticle seem to have arisen independently several times within the Nematoda and thus are highly homoplasious (e.g. the(More)
Unequivocal evidence of the viral nature of virus-like particles observed at the specific site of retention of tobacco rattle virus (TRV) in Paratrichodorus and Trichodorus nematodes has not previously been available. A new staining technique using safranin-O, which does not affect viral antigenicity, was used with an antiserum raised against the coat(More)
Nicotiana tabacum plants were transformed with the 57-kDa read-through domain of the replicase gene of Tobacco rattle virus (TRV) isolate SYM. From a total of six lines containing the viral transgene, four displayed various levels of resistance to TRV infection. Transgenic plants from line 81G were highly resistant to foliar rub-inoculation with the(More)
In 2005, root and soil samples were collected from the rhizosphere of Viburnum sp. plants in the yard of a house in Kifissia, Attica, Greece. The plants showed symptoms of yellowing and declining and all were dead within, approximately, one year. The roots were infected with the fungus Rosellinia necatrix. Several specimens of a ring nematode were recovered(More)
The root-knot nematode Meloidogyne arenaria was found in Greece infecting balm (Melissa officinalis L.) and grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.). The isolate from balm was M. arenaria while the one from grapevine was a mixture of M. arenaria and M. javanica (prevalent species). This is the first report of the M. arenaria species in the country in which(More)
Feeding by P. anemones, an efficient vector of tobacco rattle virus (TRV), was investigated by video-enhanced interference light microscopy. Four stages were observed after transfer of individual nematodes, extracted from soil, to Nicotiana tabacum seedling roots in agar: i) acclimatisation; ii) approach and scrutiny; iii) preparation; and iv) feeding.(More)
The effects of soil incorporation of metham-sodium and finely chopped plant residues of broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, and grass against Meloidogyne incognito and M. javanica over increasing periods of time and a range of dose rates, with or without plastic covering were studied in growth chamber experiments. The scope of this study was to determine the(More)
Stubby root nematodes are of increasing importance to the potato industry in the Pacific Northwest (PNW) of the USA as they transmitTobacco rattle virus (TRY), the causal agent of corky ringspot disease. In the PNW,Paratrichodorus allius is the most prevalent TRV vector nematode species in potato growing areas. A closely related species,P. teres, is also(More)
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