Einar Uggerud

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Invoking a number of theoretical levels ranging from HF/STO-3G to CCSD(T)/aug-cc-pVQZ, we have made a detailed survey of six potential energy surfaces (NH4+, NH4*, [CH3CONHCH3]H+, [CH3CONHCH3]H*, [HCONHCH2CONH2]H+, [HCONHCH2CONH2]H*). In conjunction with this, ab inito direct dynamics calculations have been conducted, tracing out several hundred reaction(More)
Dimethyl disulfide (DMDS) and N-methylacetamide are two first choice model systems that represent the disulfide bridge bonding and the peptide bonding in proteins. These molecules are therefore suitable for investigation of the mechanisms involved when proteins fragment under electron capture dissociation (ECD). The dissociative recombination cross sections(More)
The literature on gas phase nucleophilic substitution reactions at aliphatic carbon has been reviewed. The emphasis has been on journal articles published in the period 1990–2001. The present review outlines our current understanding of concepts such as potential energy surfaces, structure–energy relationships, microsolvation, and dynamical and mechanistic(More)
It is experimentally challenging to directly obtain structural information of the transition state (TS), the high-energy bottleneck en route from reactants to products, for solution-phase reactions. Here, we use single-molecule experiments as well as high-level quantum chemical calculations to probe the TS of disulfide bond reduction, a bimolecular(More)
The mechanochemistry of the disulfide bridge--that is, the influence of an externally applied force on the reactivity of the sulfur-sulfur bond--is investigated by unrestricted Kohn-Sham theory. Specifically, we apply the COGEF (constrained geometry simulates external force) approach to characterize the mechanochemistry of the disulfide bond in three(More)
Quantum chemical calculations (OPBE/6-311++G(d,p)) have been performed to uncover the electronic factors that govern reactivity in the prototypical S(N)Ar reaction. It was found that intrinsic nucleophilicity--expressed as the critical energy (the energy required for forming the Meisenheimer structure Ph(X)(2)(-)) in the identity substitution reaction X(-)(More)
The unimolecular chemistry of protonated formic acid, [HCOOH]H(+), has been investigated by analyzing the fragmentation of metastable ions (MI) during flight in a sector mass spectrometer, and by proton transfer to formic acid in a Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) mass spectrometer. High level ab initio calculations have been used to model(More)
Dynamical effects on the mechanochemistry of linear alkane chains, mimicking polyethylene, are studied by means of molecular dynamics simulations. Butane and octane are studied using density-functional theory (DFT), whereas higher homologues are studied using a simple one-dimensional model in which the molecules are represented by a linear chain of Morse(More)