Einar Mattsson

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The migration of arterial smooth muscle cells (SMCs) plays an important role in normal vessel development as well as the pathobiology of blood vessels. Because it is difficult to study cell migration in primates, we used ex vivo explants. The response of baboon aortic medial explants incubated in vitro in a serum-free medium with insulin and transferrin was(More)
We have previously shown that high shear stress inhibits growth of developing neointima in a primate model of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) graft healing. We used this model to test the hypothesis that increased shear stress can cause atrophy of an established neointima. High porosity PTFE grafts were inserted into the aorto-iliac circulation bilaterally(More)
Abrupt reductions in fluid shear stress induce subendothelial smooth muscle cells (SMCs) to proliferate in experimental prosthetic grafts. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), an important SMC mitogen, is expressed by cultured endothelial cells and modulated by shear stress. We hypothesized that this growth factor would be modulated by changes in shear(More)
The last century's environmental pollution has created health problems, acidification of ground and lakes, and serious damage to our cultural heritage. Outdoor monuments suffer from this pollution, but so do buried archaeological remains. However, research on the deterioration of archaeological artifacts underground has so far been limited, and it is(More)
PURPOSE We investigated whether control of constitutive endothelial cell nitric oxide synthase (cNOS) and nitric oxide (NO) by changes in shear stress might be important for the regulation of smooth muscle cell (SMC) growth and vascular diameter. METHODS Bilateral femoral arteriovenous fistulas were placed in baboons to increase the blood flow in the(More)
Although ballon angioplasty has become a common intervention in vascular disease, long-term success is limited by restenosis. Restenosis is the consequence of a series of interactions between lymphocytes, platelets, smooth muscle cells, macrophages and endothelial cells, as well as their different cellular products. We review here the current concepts and(More)
Migration and proliferation of endothelial cells (ECs) and smooth muscle cells (SMCs) contribute to the response to injury in damaged and atherosclerotic vessels. These events might be regulated by cellular interactions with extracellular matrix through the expression and activation of integrins. To study the functions of beta 1 integrins in the vessel(More)
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