Einar Arnbjörnsson

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The experience of our 16 patients treated for membranous duodenal stenosis is reported. Their treatment and course was analysed in a retrospective study. Eight patients were operated on within the first 16 days of life and in the remaining group surgery was performed at 1 month to 4 y of age. The presenting symptom leading to diagnosis was, in all but one(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this report is to establish the frequency and type of complications of laparoscopy-aided gastrostomy in pediatric practice and to identify patients at risk for postoperative complications. METHOD This is a follow-up study of 98 children with nutritional problems including inability to swallow, inadequate calorie intake in neurologically(More)
Environmental or genetic factors are sought to explain the high incidence of thyroid cancer in Iceland. At present, it is impossible to cite any environmental factor, particularly one related to the volcanic activity in the country, which could explain the high incidence of thyroid cancer in Iceland. However, the thyroid gland in Icelanders is very small(More)
The high negative exploration rate in patients with suspected acute appendicitis is the main compelling reason to improve the accuracy in managing patients with acute abdominal pain. In this article, data from a prospective study on a group of patients undergoing an acute appendectomy were used to devise a scoring system for the purpose of differentiating(More)
We report on the technique and results of percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) in children with obstructive jaundice. Three patients aged 8 - 15 years were treated, two of them for a benign and one for a malignant stricture. Endoscopic treatment was not possible and all the PTBD procedures were done under general anaesthesia. One of the(More)
Computed tomography (CT) was performed in 9 patients with faecal incontinence more than 8 years after rectoplasty for high imperforate anus. The radiologic findings were correlated with the clinical evaluation of faecal incontinence. No statistically significant correlation was found between function and anatomic findings as demonstrated by CT. Thus,(More)
Objective. This study compares laparoscopic and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) in a paediatric population to test the hypothesis that there is a difference in the frequency of serious gastrointestinal complications between the two methods. Methods. All reports published between 1995 and 2009 on laparoscopic gastrostomy and PEG in children was(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The aim of this report is to describe a method for laparoscopy aided button gastrostomy in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS The method includes the use of two ports, one umbilical and one subcostal on the left side. The stomach is exteriorized using a grasping forceps in the subcostal port. Under direct vision the gastrostomy button,(More)
BACKGROUND In children, a gastrostomy button was placed as the initial feeding tube, using laparoscopy and a modified surgical technique. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that a new surgical procedure developed at our institution would result in fewer postoperative complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS Sixty-two consecutive children with(More)