Eileen M. Bauer

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We are developing assays for noninvasive, quantitative imaging of reporter genes with positron emission tomography (PET), for application both in animal models and in human gene therapy. We report here a method to improve the detection of lower levels of PET reporter gene expression by utilizing a mutant herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase(More)
UNLABELLED We are developing procedures to repeatedly and noninvasively image the expression of transplanted reporter genes in living animals and in patients, using PET. We have investigated the use of the Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 thymidine kinase gene (HSV1-tk) as a reporter gene and [8-14C]-ganciclovir as a reporter probe. HSV1-tk, when expressed,(More)
We are developing quantitative assays to repeatedly and noninvasively image expression of reporter genes in living animals, using positron emission tomography (PET). We synthesized positron-emitting 8-[18F]fluoroganciclovir (FGCV) and demonstrated that this compound is a substrate for the herpes simplex virus 1 thymidine kinase enzyme (HSV1-TK). Using(More)
Activation of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) receptor II (BMPRII) promotes pulmonary artery endothelial cell (PAEC) survival, proliferation, and migration. Mutations to BMPRII are associated with the development of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Endothelial dysfunction, including decreased endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) activity and loss(More)
UNLABELLED We have synthesized and evaluated 8-[18F]fluoropenciclovir (FPCV) and compared it with 8-[18F]fluoroganciclovir (FGCV) for monitoring the expression of herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase (HSV1 -tk) reporter gene in cell culture and in vivo. METHODS C6 rat glioma cells stably transfected with HSV1-tk (C6-stb-tk+) and control C6 cells(More)
In pulmonary hypertension the loss of precapillary arterioles results from vascular injury causing endothelial dysfunction. Endothelial cell migration and proliferation are critical for vascular regeneration. This study focused on the effect of high mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) on these critical processes. HMGB1 had no effect on human pulmonary(More)
Survival rates for patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) remain low, and our understanding of the mechanisms involved are incomplete. Here we show in a mouse model of chronic hypoxia (CH)-induced PH that the nuclear protein and damage-associate molecular pattern molecule (DAMP) high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) contributes to PH via a Toll-like receptor(More)
AIMS Thrombospondin-1 (TSP1), via its necessary receptor CD47, inhibits nitric oxide (NO)-stimulated soluble guanylate cyclase activation in vascular smooth muscle cells, and TSP1-null mice have increased shear-dependent blood flow compared with wild-type mice. Yet, the endothelial basement membrane should in theory function as a barrier to diffusion of(More)
UNLABELLED Reporter probe 9-(4-18F-fluoro-3-[hydroxymethyl]butyl)guanine (18F-FHBG) and reporter gene mutant herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase (HSV1-sr39tk) have been used for imaging reporter gene expression with PET. Current methods for quantitating the images using the percentage injected dose per gram of tissue do not distinguish between the(More)
Rapid advances in imaging technologies and gene transfer strategies offer a great opportunity to optimize clinical trials of human gene therapy. Reporter genes are emerging as very powerful tools to monitor the delivery, magnitude, and time variation of therapeutic gene transfer in vivo. Several reporter genes, such as the herpes simplex virus type 1(More)