Eileen E. Ellis

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BACKGROUND Sleep hypoventilation has been proposed as a cause of progressive hypercapnic respiratory failure and death in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A study was undertaken to determine the effects of nocturnal non-invasive bi-level pressure support ventilation (NIV) on survival, lung function and quality of life in(More)
Acute renal failure requiring renal replacement therapy can complicate cardiopulmonary bypass in children. Peritoneal dialysis has been shown to stabilize electrolytes and improve fluid status in these patients. To assess dialysis adequacy in this setting, we prospectively measured Kt/V and creatinine clearance in five patients (6–839 days of age) requiring(More)
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a promising target for cancer therapy, particularly for metastatic lung cancers, but how CSCs are regulated is largely unknown. We identify two proteins, SLUG (encoded by SNAI2 gene) and SOX9, which are associated with advanced stage lung cancers and are implicated in the regulation of CSCs. Inhibition of either SLUG or SOX9(More)
Extra-renal manifestations of the hemolytic uremic syndrome in children are well described. Pancreatic involvement may manifest as transient hyperglycemia and permanent diabetes mellitus. Two previous case reports demonstrate short periods of “remission” between initial hyperglycemia and the development of permanent diabetes mellitus. We report an unusual(More)
The effect of growth hormones (GH) on renal growth was measured in growing uremic rats using a five-sixths nephrectomy model and GH, 5 mg/kg per day. At the end of 8 weeks, somatic size was significantly smaller in the untreated uremic rats. The uremic rats given GH were the same size as the non-uremic control animals. Organ size (heart, liver and kidney)(More)
At a median time of 20 months following high dose melphalan for myeloma, 29 patients relapsed and were treated with induction chemotherapy to maximum response followed by a second course of high dose melphalan. The majority (90%) of patients received 200 mg m-2 with an autologous bone marrow transplant. Sixteen (55%) patients achieved complete remission and(More)
Post-transplant cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections are a source of significant morbidity. However, the extent of the problem and the benefits of various antiviral prophylactic therapies remain incompletely understood. The North American Pediatric Renal Transplant Cooperative Study registry was screened to identify patients hospitalized for CMV infections(More)
Clinical hepatocyte transplantation is hampered by low engraftment rates and gradual loss of function resulting in incomplete correction of the underlying disease. Preconditioning with partial hepatectomy improves engraftment in animal studies. Our aim was to study safety and efficacy of partial hepatectomy preconditioning in clinical hepatocyte(More)
The distribution of tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) has been studied in a series of 38 human brain tumours and two specimens of cerebral cortex, using the monoclonal antibody ESP6. t-PA was localised in vascular endothelium in the majority of tumours and both the cortical specimens, confirmed by double staining with Ulex europaeus lectin (Uel) and(More)