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Xeroderma pigmentosum variant (XPV) cells lack the damage-specific polymerase eta and undergo a protracted arrest at the S phase checkpoint(s) following UV damage. The S phase checkpoints encompass several qualitatively different processes, and stimulate downstream events that are dependent on the functional state of p53. Primary fibroblasts with wild-type(More)
Polymerase eta (pol eta) is a low-fidelity DNA polymerase that is the product of the gene, POLH, associated with the human XP variant disorder in which there is an extremely high level of solar-induced skin carcinogenesis. The complete human genomic sequence spans about 40 kb containing 10 coding exons and a cDNA of 2.14 kb; exon I is untranslated and is 6(More)
Skin cancer is unique among human cancers in its etiology, accessibility and the volume of detailed knowledge now assembled concerning its molecular mechanisms of origin. The major carcinogenic agent for most skin cancers is well established as solar ultraviolet light. This is absorbed in DNA with the formation of UV-specific dipyrimidine photoproducts.(More)
Xeroderma pigmentosum variant (XP-V) cells lack the damage-specific DNA polymerase eta and have normal excision repair but show defective DNA replication after UV irradiation. Previous studies using cells transformed with SV40 or HPV16 (E6/E7) suggested that the S-phase response to UV damage is altered in XP-V cells with non-functional p53. To investigate(More)
The current reference standard for investigating H. pylori associated disease in children remains upper intestinal endoscopy and biopsies for histology and culture or RUT. Non-invasive tests should be used to confirm H. pylori eradication following treatment. Currently there is insufficient evidence to recommend them over invasive tests in symptomatic(More)