Eila Laukkanen

Learn More
The working memory functions and processing speed of 35 adolescents born preterm (< or = 32 weeks of gestation) and those of 31 control adolescents were assessed at the age of 16 years. All study participants were free from major disabilities. There were no statistically significant differences in verbal IQ between the study groups. Adolescents born preterm(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the relationship of a self-rated four-item life satisfaction scale (LS) to the self-rated 21-item Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD) and to study LS changes during recovery from depression. METHOD A 1-year prospective study on 188 depressive patients receiving standard psychiatric(More)
This study investigated the relationship between alexithymia, depressive symptoms, and Youth Self-Report (YSR) self-image profiles among 13 to 18-year-old adolescents (n = 7087) attending school in Kuopio, Finland. The final sample consisted of 3936 adolescents (1801 boys, 2135 girls) who completed structured self-rating questionnaires (Toronto Alexithymia(More)
PURPOSE To investigate social, psychological, and environmental factors related to heavy drinking by 15-year-old Finnish school pupils. METHODS Each of 240 pupils completed a questionnaire about alcohol use, smoking, and illicit drug use; an Offer Self-Image Questionnaire; an Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment; and a Psychosomatic Symptoms(More)
The authors conducted a 12-month follow-up study to determine the association between alexithymia and depression in 116 outpatients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and 540 control subjects from the general population. Alexithymia was screened using the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), and depression was assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory(More)
Self-image and factors associated with suicidal ideation were studied among adolescents (N=168, age 17.7+/-2.3 years, 72% girls) seeking psychiatric assessment. The Structured Clinical Interview, Beck Depression Inventory and Offer Self-Image Questionnaire were used. Suicidal ideation (SI) was reported by 64% of subjects, of whom 20% received no psychiatric(More)
This study aimed to investigate whether behavioural or emotional problems in adolescents detected by their teachers are signs of a common psychosocial maladjustment and of the beginning of social marginalization. Altogether, 171 pupils (15 years of age) from the eastern part of Finland participated in the survey. Behavioural and emotional problems and(More)
Finland was the first European country to give a high priority to the development of specialized psychiatric services for adolescents. The aim of this paper is to 1) describe the development of these services, 2) study the status and the functioning of psychiatric services for adolescents in 2000 and 3) present some future challenges. The data have been(More)
Only a few studies have been published concerning dissociation in general population adolescents. We assessed dissociation using the Adolescent Dissociative Experiences Scale (A-DES) in a sample of Finnish adolescents aged 13 to 18 years (n = 4019). The A-DES had good internal reliability and factor analysis suggested a 1-factor solution to be optimal. The(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to examine the role of brain activity related to orienting in distractibility. METHODS Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded in response to intermittently presented, non-attended trains of identical auditory stimuli in otherwise healthy but easily distractible (n=16) and non-distractible (n=16) 15-to-16 year old(More)