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Membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) is expressed on cancer cell membranes and activates the zymogen of MMP-2 (gelatinase A). We have recently isolated MT1-MMP complexed with tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 2 (TIMP-2) and demonstrated that MT1-MMP exhibits gelatinolytic activity by gelatin zymography (Imai, K., Ohuchi, E., Aoki, T.,(More)
Human tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 (TIMP-2) has a potent growth-promoting activity for wide range of human, bovine and mouse cells, having an optimal concentration (10 ng/ml, 0.46 nM) that is ten-times lower than that of TIMP-1 (Hayakawa et al. (1992) FEBS Lett. 298, 29). Neither TIMP-1 complexed with progelatinase B nor TIMP-2 complexed with(More)
Membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP)/MMP-14 is the activator of progelatinase A (proGelA)/proMMP-2 on the cell surface. However, it was a paradox that a tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2), which is an inhibitor of MT1-MMP, is required for proGelA activation by the cells expressing MT1-MMP. In this study, a truncated MT1-MMP(More)
ADAMs (a disintegrin and metalloproteinases) are multifunctional molecules involved in cell-cell fusion, cell adhesion, membrane protein shedding, and proteolysis. In the present study, we examined the mRNA expression of 13 different ADAM species with putative metalloproteinase activity in human astrocytic tumors, nonneoplastic brain tissues, and other(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase 7 (MMP-7) has been purified as an inactive zymogen of M(r) 28,000 (proMMP-7) from the culture medium of CaR-1 human rectal carcinoma cells. The NH2-terminal sequence of proMMP-7 is Lys-Pro-Lys-Pro-Gln-Glu, which is identical to that of matrilysin. The zymogen is activated by 4-aminophenylmercuric acetate (APMA), yielding an(More)
ADAM (a disintegrin and metalloproteinases) are a recently discovered gene family of proteins with sequence similarity to the reprolysin family of snake venom metalloproteinases, and about one-third of the family members have the catalytic site consensus sequence in their metalloproteinase domains. We screened the mRNA expression of 11 different ADAM(More)
The processing mechanism and gelatinolytic activity of the membrane-type matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MT-MMP-1) were examined by expressing in COS-1 cells a deletion mutant of MT-MMP-1 lacking the trans-membrane domain (delta MT1) and its site-directed mutant with a furin-resistant sequence in the propeptide domain (mutant delta MT1). delta MT1, but not(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are synthesized as inactive zymogens (proMMP) and subsequently activated by many factors to degrade the extracellular matrix (ECM). In the present study, we have examined the intermolecular activation mechanisms of proMMP by MMP-10 (stromelysin 2). ProMMP-10 was purified from the culture media of OSC-20 human oral squamous(More)
A one-step sandwich enzyme immunoassay (EIA) for matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP-3; stromelysin-1) was developed. The assay system used two simultaneous immunoreactions using a solid phase monoclonal antibody and a horseradish peroxidase-labeled monoclonal antibody (Fab'). The sensitivity of the assay system was 20 micrograms/l and linearity was obtained(More)
Membrane type 3 matrix metalloproteinase (MT3-MMP), an activator for the zymogen of MMP-2 (proMMP-2, or progelatinase A), is known to be expressed in human placenta, brain, lung and rat vascular smooth muscle cells, but information about its biochemical properties is limited. In the present study, we expressed and purified a truncated form of MT3-MMP(More)