Eiko Kawamoto

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A new apparatus has been developed using the laser speckle phenomenon for non-contact, two-dimensional analysis of tissue circulation in the choroid and optic nerve head (ONH). The fundus was illuminated by a diode laser spot and its image speckle was detected by an image sensor. The difference between the average of the speckle intensity (Imean) and the(More)
PURPOSE To report a new apparatus for noncontact, two-dimensional measurement of retinal microcirculation using the laser speckle phenomenon and to demonstrate that this apparatus can document known or expected changes in retinal blood flow. METHODS The rabbit fundus was illuminated by an argon (blue) laser spot (0.62 x 0.62 mm), and its image speckle was(More)
In this review, based primarily on work from our laboratory, but related to previous studies, we summarize what is known about the convergence of vestibular afferent inputs onto single vestibular neurons activated by selective stimulation of individual vestibular nerve branches. Horizontal semicircular canal (HC), anterior semicircular canal (AC), posterior(More)
This study was designed to show the effect of boiling on the antihypertensive and antioxidant activities of onion in N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) induced-hypertensive rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Male 6-wk-old Sprague-Dawley rats were made hypertensive by being given distilled water containing L-NAME at a dose of 50 mg/kg(More)
A new instrument has been developed which uses the laser speckle phenomenon for noninvasive two-dimensional analysis of the microcirculation in the optic nerve head (ONH). The ONH is illuminated by a diode laser spot and its image speckle is detected by an area sensor. The difference between a pair of output data from successive scannings of the image(More)
A new instrument using the laser speckle phenomenon for noninvasive 2-dimensional analysis of the choroidal microcirculation was developed. The fundus was illuminated with a diode laser spot and its image speckle was detected with an area sensor. The difference between the average of the output data (I-mean) and the output data from successive scannings of(More)
The effect of intravenous administration of a calcium antagonist on the retinal microcirculation in rabbit eyes was examined with a laser speckle retinal microcirculation analyzer. Under general anesthesia, 40 micrograms/kg of nicardipine, a calcium antagonist, was injected intravenously in the nicardipine group, and 0.4 ml/kg of saline in the control(More)
The effect of topical 0.5% timolol on the microcirculation in albino rabbit optic nerve head (ONH) tissue was examined using a laser speckle microcirculation analyser. In the first experiment, normalized blue (NB) in ONH, a quantitative index of peripheral blood flow in ONH, intraocular pressure (IOP), blood pressure (BP) and pulse rate (PR) were measured(More)
We have developed an apparatus using the laser speckle phenomenon for noninvasive two-dimensional measurements of the fundus microcirculation. The normalized blur of the speckle pattern (NB value) was adopted as an index of blood flow velocity in the tissue. The present study investigated whether the NB value can be also used as a quantitative index of the(More)
A new instrument using the laser speckle phenomenon for noninvasive 2-dimensional analysis of the microcirculation in the optic nerve head (ONH) was developed. The ONH was illuminated with a diode laser spot and its image speckle was detected by an area array sensor. The difference between a pair of output data for successive scannings of the image speckles(More)