Eiko Kataoka

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Comparative analysis of multiple genomes in a phylogenetic framework dramatically improves the precision and sensitivity of evolutionary inference, producing more robust results than single-genome analyses can provide. The genomes of 12 Drosophila species, ten of which are presented here for the first time (sechellia, simulans, yakuba, erecta, ananassae,(More)
The sequencing of the 12 genomes of members of the genus Drosophila was taken as an opportunity to reevaluate the genetic and physical maps for 11 of the species, in part to aid in the mapping of assembled scaffolds. Here, we present an overview of the importance of cytogenetic maps to Drosophila biology and to the concepts of chromosomal evolution.(More)
Pycnodysostosis is a rare autosomal recessive skeletal dysplasia characterized by short stature, osteosclerosis, acroosteolysis, bone fragility, and skull deformities. Recently, mutations in the gene encoding cathepsin K (CK), a lysosomal cysteine protease localized exclusively in osteoclasts, were found to be responsible for this disease. We analyzed(More)
The effect of amino acid substitution at the P(3) and P(4) subsites on the cleavage activity of a recombinant secretory-type Kex2 protease (Kex2-660) was investigated using recombinant fusion proteins. They were constructed from a truncated Escherichia coli beta-galactosidase (beta G-117S) followed by human parathyroid hormone amino acids 1-34 [hPTH(1-34)](More)
Using the polymorphic DNA probes, ChdTC-15, ChdTC-114, pYNH24, and λTM-18, a DNA profiling system was developed that verified identities of individual cultured cell lines collected in the Japanese cell banks, JCRB, RCB, and IFO. These highly polymorphic DNA probes include both VNTR (Variable Number of Tandem Repeats) sequences and substantial lengths of(More)
The present study demonstrates a new method to evaluate the bioavailability of carotenoids based on the calculation of the hepatic retinol contents. Weaning male rats of Wistar strain were divided into 5 groups. Each group respectively received retinol acetate (2000-10,000 IU per kg diet), alpha-carotene (2400-6000 micrograms per kg diet), beta-carotene(More)
Polymorphic DNA markers were used to identify eight sublines derived from HeLa. Using five highly polymorphic minisatellite DNA probes, these cell lines were distinguished and classified into six groups by Southern blot analysis. Polymorphic DNA markers, therefore, can provide a useful tool for monitoring genetic changes of a cell line during culture and(More)
The present study attempted to examine the antioxidative effect of dietary beta-carotene (BC) on lipid peroxidation (LPO) in the streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were fed on the AIN76 standard diet with or without 0.1% BC. On the 21st day after introduction of these diets, STZ was intraperitoneally injected in half(More)
The effect of dietary protein levels on tissue-specific distribution and metabolism of vitamin A was studied in rats given [15-14C] retinol (14C-ROH). The weanling rats were fed a low level vitamin A diet for 10 days, then rats (15 rats per group) were divided into 2 groups; one was given a 40% casein diet as a high protein diet (HP-diet), and the other a(More)
Metaphyseal chondrodysplasia of the Schmid type (MCDS) is a skeletal dysplasia affecting the long bone metaphyses; it is characterized by short stature, bowlegs, and coxa vara. The spine is generally not involved. Here we report a novel missense mutation of the type X collagen gene in a sporadic case of MCDS. The mutation was a heterozygous single base-pair(More)