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We investigated whether long-lasting stress induced by chronic glucocorticoid (GC) exposure affects activation of brain NF-kappaB and whether these changes are related to functional deterioration and structural changes in the rat hippocampus. Psychometric investigations were conducted using a holeboard test system in 28 one-year-old male Wistar rats.(More)
Dysfunctions of the L-arginine (L-arg)/nitric-oxide (NO) pathway are suspected to be important for the pathogenesis of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) in septic shock. Therefore plasma concentrations of L-arg and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) were measured in 60 patients with septic shock, 30 surgical patients and 30 healthy volunteers using(More)
Sepsis still represents an important clinical and economic challenge for intensive care units. Severe complications like multi-organ failure with high mortality and the lack of specific diagnostic tools continue to hamper the development of improved therapies for sepsis. Fundamental questions regarding the cellular pathogenesis of experimental and clinical(More)
Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been proven to be a sensitive diagnostic tool to examine age associated acute and chronic changes in brain tissue. The aim of our study was to examine whether there are differences in brain diffusion and transverse relaxation time between young and adult rats. In an experimental MR scanner, 24 young(More)
INTRODUCTION One of the main causes of death in European and US intensive care units is sepsis. It involves a network of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-alpha, IL-1beta and IL-6. Furthermore, there is an up regulation of transcription factors such as nuclear factor (NF) kappaB. It has previously been shown that clonidine is able to significantly(More)
INTRODUCTION Severe sepsis, septic shock, and resulting organ failure represent the most common cause of death in intensive care medicine, with mortality ranging from 40% to 70%. It is still unclear whether necrosis or apoptosis plays the predominant role in severe sepsis. Determining the prevalent mode of cell death would be valuable, as new therapeutic(More)
INTRODUCTION The role of reactive carbonyl species, such as methylglyoxal (MG), has been overlooked within the context of the sepsis syndrome. The aims of this study were to assess the impact of MG formation in different inflammatory settings and to evaluate its use for early diagnosis as well as prognosis of the sepsis syndrome. METHODS In total, 120(More)
Chronic stress is associated with hippocampal atrophy and cognitive dysfunction. This study investigates how long-lasting administration of corticosterone as a mimic of experimentally induced stress affects psychometric performance and the expression of the phosphatidylethanolamine binding protein (PEBP1) in the adult hippocampus of one-year-old male rats.(More)
BACKGROUND Independently from leukocyte adherence, endothelial factors and mast cell activation seems to promote microvascular permeability. Platelet-activating factor (PAF) has been shown to play a significant role in endotoxin-induced leukocyte adherence. The aim of our study was to investigate if there is also a role for PAF in mediating(More)