Eike Dieter Schomburg

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The interneuronally mediated reflex actions evoked by electrical stimulation of group II muscle afferents in low spinal cats have been reinvestigated with intracellular recording with motoneurones to knee flexors and ankle extensors. The results of Eccles and Lundberg (1959) have been confirmed and extended. There was wide convergence from flexors and(More)
A hypothesis is forwarded regarding the role of secondary spindle afferents and the FRA (flexor reflex afferents) in motor control. The hypothesis is based on evidence (cf. Lundberg et al. 1987a, b) summarized in 9 introductory paragraphs. Group II excitation. It is postulated that subsets of excitatory group II interneurones (transmitting disynaptic group(More)
The generation of locomotor-like spinal rhythms has been proposed to involve two neural centres with mutual reciprocal inhibition (Graham Brown's "half-centre" hypothesis). Much later a particular set of segmental flexor reflex pathways were described as being organized in accordance with this half-centre hypothesis. As these pathways became operative(More)
To understand the pathomechanisms of spinal cord injuries will be a prerequisite to develop efficient therapies. By investigating acute lesions of spinal cord white matter in anesthetized mice with fluorescently labeled microglia and axons using in vivo two-photon laser-scanning microscopy (2P-LSM), we identified the messenger nitric oxide (NO) as a(More)
The convergence of group II muscle afferents on interneurones in reflex pathways has been elucidated by investigating interaction in transmission to motoneurones. Recording was also made from interneurones activated from group II afferents. Maximal group II EPSPs evoked in motoneurones from different muscles (extensors or flexors and extensors) did not(More)
As CNS macrophages, microglia show a high spontaneous motility of their processes, continuously surveying their microenvironment. Upon CNS injury, microglia react by immediate cellular polarization and process extension toward the lesion site as well as by subsequent amoeboid lesion-directed migration and phagocytosis. To determine the ability of microglia(More)
The EMG-activity during stepping-like movements evoked by spinal cord electrical stimulation (SCES) was studied in paraplegic patients. Both typical locomotor EMG-pattern with rhythmically, bilaterally alternating flexor-extensor activity ("locomotor stepping") as well as a rhythmic, bilaterally alternating modulation of short latency stimulus coupled(More)
1. The effect of volleys in low threshold cutaneous afferents upon transmission of synaptic action from Ib afferents to motoneurones has been investigated with intracellular recording from alpha motoneurones to hind limb muscles. 2. There was facilitation from cutaneous afferents of transmission in excitatory and inhibitory reflex pathways from Ib afferents(More)
Mutations in SOD1 cause hereditary variants of the fatal motor neuron disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Pathophysiology of the disease is non-cell-autonomous, with toxicity deriving also from glia. In particular, microglia contribute to disease progression. Methylene blue (MB) inhibits the effect of nitric oxide, which mediates microglial(More)
Pathophysiology of the motoneuron disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is non-cell-autonomous. In mouse models of familiar ALS, neurotoxicity is derived not only from mutant motor neurons but also from mutant neighbouring glial cells. In vivo imaging by two-photon laser-scanning microscopy was used to study rapid morphological reactions of astroglial(More)