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The dystrophin-associated membrane-integrated protein complex anchors dystrophin in the sarcolemma of striated muscles and is composed of two glycoprotein subcomplexes, the dystroglycan and the sarcoglycan (SG) complexes, and a small membrane protein termed sarcospan (SPN). The SG complex consists of four transmembrane glycoproteins, alpha-SG, beta-SG,(More)
Recently, mutations in the genes encoding several of the dystrophin-associated proteins have been identified that produce phenotypes ranging from severe Duchenne-like autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy to the milder limb-girdle muscular dys-trophies (LGMDs). LGMD type 2C is generally associated with a more severe clinical course and is prevalent in(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a debilitating X-linked muscle disease. We have used sequence information from complementary DNA clones, derived from the gene that is deleted in DMD patients, to generate an antiserum that stains the surface membrane of intact human and mouse skeletal muscle, but not that of DMD patients and mdx mice. Here we identify(More)
OBJECTIVES (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy is clinically used to estimate local myocardial sympathetic nerve damage in some forms of heart disease, autonomic nerve disturbance in diabetic neuropathy, and disturbance of the autonomic nervous system in neurodegenerative disease. In the present study, examinations were performed(More)
It had long been one of the crucial questions in muscle physiology how glycogenolysis is regulated in connection with muscle contraction, when we found the answer to this question in the last half of the 1960s. By that time, the two principal currents of muscle physiology, namely, the metabolic flow starting from glycogen and the mechanisms of muscle(More)
Dystrophin-associated proteins (DAPs) are classified into a few groups, namely, those comprising of dystroglycan complex, sarcoglycan complex, syntrophin complex and others. Subsarcolemmal actin filaments are connected to laminin in the basement membrane through dystrophin and the dystroglycan complex. This system may function to protect muscle fibers from(More)
We have identified isoforms of dystrophin and utrophin, a dystrophin homologue, expressed in astrocytes and examined their expression patterns during dibutyryl-cAMP (dBcAMP)-induced morphological differentiation of astrocytes. Immunoblot and immunocytochemical analyses showed that full-length-type dystrophin (427 kDa), utrophin (395 kDa), and Dp71 (75 kDa),(More)
We investigated clinicopathologically the pyramidal signs, including spasticity, hyperreflexia, and Babinski's sign, and the involvement of the pyramidal tract and primary motor cortex, in seven Japanese autopsy cases of multiple system atrophy (MSA). Pyramidal signs were observed in six (86%) of the seven autopsy cases. Hyperreflexia and Babinski's sign(More)
Severe childhood autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy (SCARMD) is a progressive muscle-wasting disorder common in North Africa that segregates with microsatellite markers at chromosome 13q12. Here, it is shown that a mutation in the gene encoding the 35-kilodalton dystrophin-associated glycoprotein, gamma-sarcoglycan, is likely to be the primary genetic(More)
This report concerns an autopsy case of rapidly progressive aphasia and motor neuron disease. The patient was a Japanese woman who was 75 years old at the time of death. The family history did not reveal hereditary burden. She developed language disturbances and difficulty in swallowing at age 74. Neurological examination 1 month after the disease onset(More)