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Triple helix formation of procollagen after the assembly of three alpha-chains at the C-propeptide is a prerequisite for refined structures such as fibers and meshworks. Hsp47 is an ER-resident stress inducible glycoprotein that specifically and transiently binds to newly synthesized procollagens. However, the real function of Hsp47 in collagen biosynthesis(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are essential for proper extracellular matrix remodeling. We previously found that a membrane-anchored glycoprotein, RECK, negatively regulates MMP-9 and inhibits tumor invasion and metastasis. Here we show that RECK regulates two other MMPs, MMP-2 and MT1-MMP, known to be involved in cancer progression, that mice lacking a(More)
Dp260 is a C-terminal isoform of dystrophin and is expressed specifically in the retina. Abnormal electroretinograms (ERG) in some Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) patients are likely linked to a disruption of Dp260. To clarify the importance of Dp260 in the retina, we examined dystrophin exon 52 knock-out mice, whose(More)
We have screened genes predominantly expressed in the rat spinal cord, and we report here cloning of the most abundant unknown gene. It is a novel member of the central nervous system (CNS) myelin-constituting proteins, myelin-associated oligodendrocytic basic protein (MOBP). MOBP is abundantly expressed specifically in oligodendrocytes at the mRNA level(More)
Progressive aggregation of α-synuclein (αS) from pale bodies (PBs) and extension from Lewy neurites (LNs) are candidate mechanisms for Lewy body (LB) formation. To identify how aggregation of αS is related to its extension along neurites, 60-µm-thick brainstem sections of Parkinson disease (PD) patients were prepared for three-dimensional (3D)(More)
Pattern evoked potentials were recorded simultaneously with an electrode placed on the skin of the lower eyelid, gold foil electrodes hooked on the right and left eyelids, and a skin electrode at Oz in normal subjects and in patients with optic nerve and macular diseases. Peak latencies and amplitudes of the pattern electroretinogram (PERG) were compared(More)
Electrophysiological recordings of compound action potentials (CAPs) were made from the optic nerve (ON) following unilateral optic tract (OT) transection in adult rats. In response to optic chiasm stimulation CAPs recorded from the ON ipsilateral to the transected OT, i.e., the ON of control side, revealed three positive waves, termed n1, n2, and n3(More)
Hsp47 is a molecular chaperone that specifically recognizes procollagen in the endoplasmic reticulum. Hsp47-null mouse embryos produce immature type I collagen and form discontinuous basement membranes. We established Hsp47-/- embryonic stem cell lines and examined formation of basement membrane and production of type IV collagen in embryoid bodies, a model(More)
Intracellular accumulation of Ca2+ after brain ischemia is regarded as one of the principal causes of neuronal death, but details of the intracellular events occurring after Ca2+ accumulation have not yet been described. We propose that a calcium-activated neutral proteinase which can degrade neuronal cytoskeletal proteins might link Ca2+ accumulation and(More)
We studied the morphology of regenerated retinal ganglion cells and their axons in adult rodents after axotomy and autologous transplantation of the sciatic nerve. Regenerated ganglion cells, backlabeled with rhodamine dextran, were of similar size to or larger than those of intact cells in control animals. Dendrites and occasionally axons as well showed(More)