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We measured brain metabolites in the medial prefrontal cortex of 19 schizophrenic patients and 18 healthy controls by 3 T proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H MRS), and examined the relationship between prefrontal cortex-related neurocognitive functions and brain metabolites in the medial prefrontal cortex. The patients with schizophrenia exhibited(More)
BACKGROUND Glutathione (GSH), a major intracellular antioxidant, plays a role in NMDA receptor-mediated neurotransmission, which is involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. In the present study, we aimed to investigate whether GSH levels are altered in the posterior medial frontal cortex of schizophrenic patients. Furthermore, we examined(More)
Numerous studies using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) have detected signal changes in schizophrenia. However, most studies investigated relative concentrations such as N-acetylaspartate/creatine plus phosphocreatine (NAA/Cre) and choline-containing compounds/creatine plus phosphocreatine (Cho/Cre), and individual metabolite concentrations(More)
A time-resolved phase contrast magnetic resonance angiography technique is described. This technique provides a series of angiograms obtained at different phases of the cardiac cycle. Such a series of angiograms can be used to evaluate blood flow dynamics. For example, turbulent flow in the regions of vessel bifurcations is easily demonstrated and followed(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess alterations in brain metabolites of patients with Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) with the proteolipid protein gene 1 (PLP1) duplications using quantitative proton MRS. METHODS Five unrelated male Japanese patients with PMD with PLP1 duplications were analyzed using automated proton brain examination with the point resolved(More)
We report a new type of SSFP imaging sequences for acquiring higher-order echoes. Spins excited during a cycle have, in a sense, a phase memory such that they can be refocused several cycles down the line, and since the spins are pulsed under a steady-state condition, the resulting echoes have very complicated T1 and T2 dependencies. A steady-state(More)
We introduce an asymmetric slice profile technique, which alters the spatial response of the flow signal in 3D time-of-flight NMR angiography. By gradually increasing the flip angle from the inflow to the outflow portions of the slab, the inflow refreshment effect is distributed over a wide slab thickness. The asymmetric slice profile is simply produced by(More)
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