Eiji Yoshitome

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We measured brain metabolites in the medial prefrontal cortex of 19 schizophrenic patients and 18 healthy controls by 3 T proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H MRS), and examined the relationship between prefrontal cortex-related neurocognitive functions and brain metabolites in the medial prefrontal cortex. The patients with schizophrenia exhibited(More)
BACKGROUND Glutathione (GSH), a major intracellular antioxidant, plays a role in NMDA receptor-mediated neurotransmission, which is involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. In the present study, we aimed to investigate whether GSH levels are altered in the posterior medial frontal cortex of schizophrenic patients. Furthermore, we examined(More)
Numerous studies using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) have detected signal changes in schizophrenia. However, most studies investigated relative concentrations such as N-acetylaspartate/creatine plus phosphocreatine (NAA/Cre) and choline-containing compounds/creatine plus phosphocreatine (Cho/Cre), and individual metabolite concentrations(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess alterations in brain metabolites of patients with Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) with the proteolipid protein gene 1 (PLP1) duplications using quantitative proton MRS. METHODS Five unrelated male Japanese patients with PMD with PLP1 duplications were analyzed using automated proton brain examination with the point resolved(More)
We report a new type of SSFP imaging sequences for acquiring higher-order echoes. Spins excited during a cycle have, in a sense, a phase memory such that they can be refocused several cycles down the line, and since the spins are pulsed under a steady-state condition, the resulting echoes have very complicated T1 and T2 dependencies. A steady-state(More)
A time-resolved phase contrast magnetic resonance angiography technique is described. This technique provides a series of angiograms obtained at different phases of the cardiac cycle. Such a series of angiograms can be used to evaluate blood flow dynamics. For example, turbulent flow in the regions of vessel bifurcations is easily demonstrated and followed(More)
In this study the dielectric properties are reported for human skin tissues over the frequency range 1-450 MHz at 36 degrees C. Healthy volunteers, collagen disease patients and dialysis patients are studied in order to investigate, primarily, the variability among (1) different regions of one individual, (2) the same region among different individuals and(More)
It would be useful to develop a tissue equivalent gel to improve the uniformity of the electromagnetic field in the human body, and for making a tissue equivalent dielectric human phantom. In this study, solid type, water based gelatin-honey gels were developed which have the electrical characteristics of skin tissue. It was demonstrated that a stable and(More)
Neuroscientists have traditionally relied on physiological and anatomical studies on experimental animals and clinicopathological studies on patients with localized brain damages to reveal the brain mechanisms of mental functions. Modern imaging techniques, however, permit us to observe non-invasively the neural activity of normal human brain. Among(More)
Basic experiments were done to examine the influence of the extent of curve, direction of flow, vascular diameter, velocity of flow, and course of vessels on MR angiography. In the first experiment, two phantoms were constructed of vinyl tubing, a hairpin type and one with tubes bent to varying degrees. These phantoms were imaged in two matrices, different(More)