Eiji Takayama

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The Bar mutation B of Drosophila melanogaster and optic morphology mutation Om(1D) of Drosophila ananassae result in suppression of ommatidium differentiation at the anterior portion of the eye. Examinations was made to determine the genes responsible for these mutations. Both loci were found to share in common a different type of homeobox gene, which we(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin II (AII) type 1 receptor (AT1R) antagonists are used widely as antihypertensive agents, and long-term AT1R blockade may have a protective effect against cancer. We previously demonstrated that specific AT1R blockade with candesartan, an AT1R antagonist, inhibited vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) production and dramatically(More)
Overexpression of S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (SAMDC) mRNA in 1- and 2-cell stage Xenopus embryos induces cell autonomous dissociation at the late blastula stage and developmental arrest at the early gastrula stage. The induction of cell dissociation took place "punctually" at the late blastula stage in the SAMDC-overexpressing cells, irrespective of(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) serve as the major innate immune sensors for detection of specific molecular patterns on various pathogens. TLRs activate signaling events mainly by utilizing ubiquitin-dependent mechanisms. Recent research advances have provided evidence that TLR signaling is linked to induction of autophagy. Autophagy is currently known to(More)
The antigen specificity of a rat monoclonal antibody TER-119 was investigated. In adult mice, TER-119 reacted with mature erythrocytes, 20-25% of bone marrow cells and 2-3% of spleen cells but not with thymocytes nor lymph node cells. In fetal haematopoietic tissues, 30-40% of d 10 yolk sac cells, 80-90% of d 14 fetal liver cells and 40-50% of newborn liver(More)
Highly activated neutrophils play a critical role in mediating organ injury in sepsis by releasing neutrophil elastase (NE). Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play an important role in the host defense against invading microbes, and their signaling pathway is critical to the activation of the proinflammatory response. However, the relationship between TLR(More)
TLRs are receptors involved in the recognition of pathogens by the innate immune system, and TLR2 and TLR4 play important roles in the activation of monocytes. A total of 105 consecutive patients who underwent coronary angiography comprised of 46 with stable effort angina (SA), 41 with unstable angina (UA), and 18 with no significant CAD (CNT) were(More)
The level of serum CCL5, a C-C chemokine, is reportedly correlated with tumor progression in several cancers. We herein investigated the mechanisms by which CCL5 might contribute to tumor progression in gastric cancer. Serum CCL5 levels significantly correlated with tumor progression and prognosis in patients with gastric cancer. Immunohistochemistry showed(More)
Surgical injury not only induces a systemic endocrine-metabolic response but also influences the function of the leukocytes and endothelial cells leading to various systemic responses. These responses appear to depend on the severity of surgical stress, which differs according to the surgical procedures. In this study, we investigated the response of(More)
Histochemical examination of mouse tissues showed nuclear staining of extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD), and the nuclear translocation of EC-SOD was also confirmed in cultured cells that had been transfected with its gene, as shown by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. The EC-SOD which was secreted into the medium was incorporated(More)