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The Bar mutation B of Drosophila melanogaster and optic morphology mutation Om(1D) of Drosophila ananassae result in suppression of ommatidium differentiation at the anterior portion of the eye. Examinations was made to determine the genes responsible for these mutations. Both loci were found to share in common a different type of homeobox gene, which we(More)
Overexpression of S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (SAMDC) mRNA in 1- and 2-cell stage Xenopus embryos induces cell autonomous dissociation at the late blastula stage and developmental arrest at the early gastrula stage. The induction of cell dissociation took place "punctually" at the late blastula stage in the SAMDC-overexpressing cells, irrespective of(More)
Millimolar concentrations of chlorogenic acid (CGA) showed higher cytotoxic activity against human oral squamous cell carcinoma (HSC-2) and salivary gland tumor (HSG) cell lines, as compared with that against human gingival fibroblast (HGF). The cytotoxic activity of CGA was significantly reduced by catalase or CoCl2, but not affected by FeCl3 or CuCl2. ESR(More)
Surgical injury not only induces a systemic endocrine-metabolic response but also influences the function of the leukocytes and endothelial cells leading to various systemic responses. These responses appear to depend on the severity of surgical stress, which differs according to the surgical procedures. In this study, we investigated the response of(More)
Histochemical examination of mouse tissues showed nuclear staining of extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD), and the nuclear translocation of EC-SOD was also confirmed in cultured cells that had been transfected with its gene, as shown by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. The EC-SOD which was secreted into the medium was incorporated(More)
To isolate the apoptosis-linked genes involved in the cell death of thymocytes induced by glucocorticoids, we developed a functional cloning assay. Murine CD4(+)CD8(+) thymic cell line 2-257-20 cells were transfected with cDNA expression libraries obtained from a dexamethasone-resistant cell line. The transfected cells were selected in the presence of(More)
OBJECTIVE Annexins (Anx) are a family of structurally related proteins that bind to phospholipids in a calcium dependent manner. It has been reported that antibodies to Anx V, which acts as an antithrombotic protein, are associated with thrombosis in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and/or antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Homology between the primary(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) serve as the major innate immune sensors for detection of specific molecular patterns on various pathogens. TLRs activate signaling events mainly by utilizing ubiquitin-dependent mechanisms. Recent research advances have provided evidence that TLR signaling is linked to induction of autophagy. Autophagy is currently known to(More)
The present study examines the effects on embryogenesis of microinjecting Xenopus laevis fertilized eggs with 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-Aza-CdR), which induces hypomethylation of DNA, and 5-methyl-2'- deoxycytidine-5'-triphosphate (5-methyl-dCTP), which induces hypermethylation of DNA. Embryos injected with either one of these analogs cleaved normally until(More)
The antigen specificity of a rat monoclonal antibody TER-119 was investigated. In adult mice, TER-119 reacted with mature erythrocytes, 20-25% of bone marrow cells and 2-3% of spleen cells but not with thymocytes nor lymph node cells. In fetal haematopoietic tissues, 30-40% of d 10 yolk sac cells, 80-90% of d 14 fetal liver cells and 40-50% of newborn liver(More)