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A whole-genome radiation hybrid (RH) panel was used to construct a high-resolution map of the rat genome based on microsatellite and gene markers. These include 3,019 new microsatellite markers described here for the first time and 1,714 microsatellite markers with known genetic locations, allowing comparison and integration of maps from different sources.(More)
Hereditary progressive dystonia with marked diurnal fluctuation (HPD) (also known as dopa responsive dystonia) is a dystonia with onset in childhood that shows a marked response without any side effects to levodopa. Recently the gene for dopa responsive dystonia (DRD) was mapped to chromosome 14q. Here we report that GTP cyclohydrolase I is mapped to(More)
The human gene (PTGS2) encoding an inducible isozyme of prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase (prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2) that is distinct from the well-characterized and constitutive isozyme (prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1), was isolated using a polymerase-chain reaction-generated cDNA fragment probe for human prostaglandin-endoperoxide(More)
A highly pathogenic simian/human immunodeficiency virus (SHIV), designated C2/1, was obtained by serum passages in cynomolgus monkeys of p-SHIV, an SHIV strain that contains the env gene of pathogenic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 89.6. CD4+ lymphocyte depletion was induced within 1 week of the SHIV-C2/1 infection in peripheral blood as well as in(More)
Interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF-1) and IRF-2 are structurally similar DNA-binding factors which were originally identified as regulators of the type I interferon (IFN) system; the former functions as a transcriptional activator, and the latter represses IRF-1 function by competing for the same cis elements. More recent studies have revealed new roles of(More)
The relationship between human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and breast cancer is controversial. In this study, paraffin-embedded tissue blocks prepared from 72 patients with benign, premalignant or malignant mammary lesions were randomly collected from the Shanghai region of China and Tokushima in Japan. DNA specimens extracted from all tissues were(More)
The role of N-type Ca(2+) channels in nociceptive transmission was examined in genetically engineered mice lacking the alpha(1B) subunit of N-type channels and in their heterozygote and wild-type littermates. In alpha(1B)-deficient mice, N-type channel activities in dorsal root ganglion neurons and spinal synaptoneurosomes were eliminated without(More)
Proton and electron transfer events in reaction centers (RCs) from Rhodobacter sphaeroides were investigated by site-directed mutagenesis of glutamic acid at position 212 and aspartic acid at 213 in the secondary quinone (QB) binding domain of the L subunit. These residues were mutated singly to the corresponding amides (mutants L212EQ and L213DN) and(More)
Two strains of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) were isolated directly from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of Japanese domestic cats or indirectly from PBMCs of specific pathogen free (SPF) cats inoculated with whole blood from naturally infected cats with FIV by cocultivation with primary PBMCs from SPF cats. Two isolates, designated as FIV(More)
An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the diagnosis of canine herpesvirus (CHV) infection using antigen prepared by solubilizing infected cells was developed. The ELISA and two improved methods of serum neutralization test, the microplate serum neutralization test (MSNT) with complement and the 50% plaque reduction (PR) assay with complement,(More)