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We tested 200 pesticides, including some of their isomers and metabolites, for agonism and antagonism to two human estrogen receptor (hER) subtypes, hERalpha and hERbeta, and a human androgen receptor (hAR) by highly sensitive transactivation assays using Chinese hamster ovary cells. The test compounds were classified into nine groups: organochlorines,(More)
Wilson's disease (WND) is an autosomal recessive disorder of copper (Cu) accumulation leading to liver and/or brain damage. Oral chelating agents and diet are effective in treating WND. However, once irreversible damage has occurred, the effect of treatment is diminished and the patient's quality of life is compromised. For these reasons an effective method(More)
Acute toxicity of 2,4,4'-trichloro-2'-hydroxydiphenyl ether (Irgasan DP300) (I) and its three chlorinated derivatives, 2',3,4,4'-tetrachloro-2-hydroxydiphenyl ether (II), 2',4,4',5-tetrachloro-2-hydroxydiphenyl ether (III) and 2',3,4,4',5-pentachloro-2-hydroxydiphenyl ether (IV), in mice were examined by intraperitoneal injection. The LD50 values of Irgasan(More)
Commercial textile products containing 2,4,4'-trichloro-2'-hydroxydiphenyl ether (Irgasan DP300) as an antimicrobial agent gave dichlorodibenzo-p-dioxin(s) (di-CDD) upon combustion. The extent of conversion of Irgasan DP300 into di-CDD(s) reached 19-43% at 600 degrees C. Upon bleaching the textile products with sodium hypochlorite, Irgasan DP300 was(More)
Chlornitrofen (CNP) was widely used in large quantities as a herbicide in rice paddy fields in Japan during 1965-1994. Recently, there has been concern that chemicals in the environment may disrupt the endocrine function of wildlife and humans, but little is known about the effect of CNP on endocrine function. We have developed reporter gene assays for(More)
Irgasan DP300 (2,4,4'-trichloro-2'-hydroxydiphenyl ether) (I), an antimicrobial agent for use with fabrics, was easily chlorinated with sodium hypochlorite to give 2',3,4,4'-tetrachloro-2-hydroxydiphenyl ether (II), 2',4,4',5-tetrachloro-2-hydroxydiphenyl ether (III) and 2',3,4,4',5-pentachloro-2-hydroxydiphenyl ether (IV). Irgasan DP300 and its chlorinated(More)
The level of radioactive cesium (the sum of (134)cesium (Cs) and (137)Cs) was investigated in total diet samples collected from adults living in the Sapporo area, Hokkaido. They were ashed, and examined with a germanium semiconductor detector. The maximum and average radioactivities of cesium in an indivividual's daily food intake were as follows: 1.0 Bq(More)