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The biochemical basis for the regulation of fibre-type determination in skeletal muscle is not well understood. In addition to the expression of particular myofibrillar proteins, type I (slow-twitch) fibres are much higher in mitochondrial content and are more dependent on oxidative metabolism than type II (fast-twitch) fibres. We have previously identified(More)
Endurance exercise training promotes mitochondrial biogenesis in skeletal muscle and enhances muscle oxidative capacity, but the signaling mechanisms involved are poorly understood. To investigate this adaptive process, we generated transgenic mice that selectively express in skeletal muscle a constitutively active form of calcium/calmodulin-dependent(More)
  • E Isotani, R Suzuki, +4 authors K Hirakawa
  • 1994
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hyponatremia is a common complication after subarachnoid hemorrhage. In this study we investigated the relations among hyponatremia, plasma natriuretic peptides, and antidiuretic hormone concentrations after subarachnoid hemorrhage. METHODS Blood samples for radioimmunoassay measurement of plasma brain natriuretic peptide-like(More)
1. We examined regeneration of endothelial cells (ECs), neointima formation, decreased endothelium-dependent relaxation (EDR) and changes in the contents of L-arginine, NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA), asymmetrical NG, NG-dimethylarginine (ADMA) and symmetrical NG,NG-dimethylarginine (SDMA) in the regenerated ECs, 6 weeks after balloon denudation of the(More)
Ca(2+)/calmodulin (CaM)-dependent phosphorylation of myosin regulatory light chain (RLC) by myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) initiates smooth muscle contraction and regulates actomyosin-based cytoskeletal functions in nonmuscle cells. The net extent of RLC phosphorylation is controlled by MLCK activity relative to myosin light chain phosphatase activity. We(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) from Ca(2+)-dependent neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in skeletal muscle fibers may modulate vascular tone by a cGMP-dependent pathway similar to NO derived from NOS in endothelial cells (eNOS). In isolated fast-twitch extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles from control mice, cGMP formation increased approximately 166% with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Systemic circulation management has not been established for patients with poor grade aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) or delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) after SAH. The aims of the study were to examine hemodynamic variables in these patients and to establish treatment strategies. METHODS A multicenter prospective cohort(More)
1. The present experiments were designed to investigate the effect of long-term oral nicotine (10 mg/200 ml/kg/day for 7 weeks) on the intimal hyperplasia after endothelial removal of the rabbit carotid artery. 2. The plasma concentrations of nicotine were determined to be 11.7-12.5 ng/ml during the term of administration and corresponded to the plasma(More)
During skeletal muscle contraction, NO derived from neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in skeletal muscle fibers or from endothelial cells (eNOS) may relax vascular smooth muscle contributing to functional hyperemia. To examine the relative importance of these pathways, smooth muscle myosin regulatory light chain (smRLC) phosphorylation was assessed as(More)
Ca(2+)/calmodulin (CaM)-dependent phosphorylation of myosin regulatory light chain (RLC) in smooth muscle by myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) and dephosphorylation by myosin light chain phosphatase (MLCP) are subject to modulatory cascades that influence the sensitivity of RLC phosphorylation and hence contraction to intracellular Ca(2+) concentration(More)