Eiji Arakawa

Learn More
BACKGROUND From 2003 through 2007, Vibrio cholerae serogroup O75 strains possessing the cholera toxin gene were isolated from 6 patients with severe diarrhea, including 3 in Georgia, 2 in Alabama, and 1 in South Carolina. These reports represent the first identification of V. cholerae O75 as a cause of illness in the United States. V. cholerae O75 was(More)
OBJECTIVES To characterize the molecular basis of antibiotic resistance in a multidrug-resistant clinical isolate of Vibrio fluvialis H-08942. PATIENT AND METHODS V. fluvialis H-08942 was isolated from a hospitalized infant aged 6 months suffering from cholera-like diarrhoea in India in 2002. The broth microdilution method was used to determine the MICs(More)
We identified 131 strains of Vibrio fluvialis among 400 nonagglutinating Vibrio spp. isolated from patients with diarrhea in Kolkata, India. For 43 patients, V. fluvialis was the sole pathogen identified. Most strains harbored genes encoding hemolysin and metalloprotease; this finding may contribute to understanding of the pathogenicity of V. fluvialis.
BACKGROUND Smell provides important information about the quality of food and drink. Most well-known for their expertise in wine tasting, sommeliers sniff out the aroma of wine and describe them using beautiful metaphors. In contrast, electronic noses, devices that mimic our olfactory recognition system, also detect smells using their sensors but describe(More)
A technique for rapid detection of pathogenic microorganisms is essential for the diagnosis of associated infections and for food safety analysis. Aeromonas hydrophila is one such food contaminant. Several methods for rapid detection of this pathogen have been developed; these include multiplex polymerase chain reaction assays and the colony overlay(More)
BACKGROUND Human infections with non-O1, non-O139 V. cholerae have been described from Laos. Elsewhere, non cholera-toxin producing, non-O1, non-O139 V. cholerae have been described from blood cultures and ascitic fluid, although they are exceedingly rare isolates. CASE PRESENTATION We describe a farmer who died with Vibrio cholerae O21 bacteremia and(More)
A 71-year-old man with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) receiving treatment with azacitidine developed extensive watery diarrhea for three consecutive days. As a result of high-grade dehydration, the patient was urgently admitted to the hospital and fluid replacement therapy was initiated. However, the patient's diarrhea did not improve. Vibrio cholerae(More)
We have defined the folding index of the RNA secondary structure and compared the value of this index obtained from a given RNA molecule with one from the random sequences with the same A, U, G, C ratio. The mRNA of the cytochrome c oxidase subunit II and cytochrome P450 from various species was analyzed. We found that the mRNA of these genes were more(More)
  • 1