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Pandemic V. parahaemolyticus strains have rapidly changed their serotypes, but its determinants, especially K antigen, and the genes involved in serotype have been an open question. The purpose of this study was to gain insights into these points. Although V. parahaemolyticus is known to be lacking O-side chain on its lipopolysaccharide, and O antigens are… (More)
We developed a polymerase chain reaction method in order to detect and identify both Yersinia pseudotuberculosis and pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica. Polymerase chain reaction was performed by using a mixture of primers against the inv gene from Y. pseudotuberculosis and the ail gene from pathogenic Y. enterocolitica. Further addition of primers against… (More)
A PCR-based assay to identify pandemic group Vibrio parahaemolyticus has been developed. The assay employs an oligonucleotide primer pair derived from the group-specific sequence of an arbitrarily primed-PCR fragment, which is located in the genome encoding a "hypothetical protein," approximately 80% homologous to the Mn2+ and Fe2+ transporter of the NRAMP… (More)
A multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay was developed for the identification of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. Three sets of primers were designed for detecting O4, H:i, and H:1,2 antigen genes from the antigen-specific genes rfbJ, fliC, and fljB, respectively. These were evaluated in a multiplex PCR assay by using DNAs from S. enterica… (More)
PulseNet is a network that utilizes standardized pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) protocols with the purpose of conducting laboratory-based surveillance of foodborne pathogens. PulseNet standardized PFGE protocols are subject to rigorous testing during the developmental phase and careful evaluation during a validation process assessing its robustness… (More)
Sixty-seven Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor isolates (36 domestic and 31 imported) were classified into 19 subtypes by NotI- and SfiI-digested pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Twenty-five of 36 domestic and 4 imported isolates were assigned to a NotI-A1-SfiI-A1 subtype, suggesting that this pulse type is widely distributed in Asia and Japan.
The tfoX (also called sxy) gene product is the central regulator of DNA uptake in the naturally competent bacteria Haemophilus influenzae and Vibrio cholerae. However, the mechanisms regulating tfoX gene expression in both organisms are poorly understood. Our previous studies revealed that in V. cholerae, chitin disaccharide (GlcNAc)₂ is needed to activate… (More)
BACKGROUND From 2003 through 2007, Vibrio cholerae serogroup O75 strains possessing the cholera toxin gene were isolated from 6 patients with severe diarrhea, including 3 in Georgia, 2 in Alabama, and 1 in South Carolina. These reports represent the first identification of V. cholerae O75 as a cause of illness in the United States. V. cholerae O75 was… (More)
A mismatch amplification mutation PCR assay was developed and validated for rapid detection of the biotype specific cholera toxin B subunit of V. cholerae O1. This assay will enable easy monitoring of the spread of a new emerging variant of the El Tor biotype of V. cholerae O1.
A total of 54 Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains including pandemic O3:K6 strains and newly emerged O4:K68, O1:K25, O1:K26, and O1:K untypeable strains (collectively referred to as the "pandemic group") were examined for their pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and arbitrarily primed PCR (AP-PCR) profiles and for the presence or absence of genetic marker… (More)