Eija Gaily

Learn More
PURPOSE CO₂ has been long recognized for its anticonvulsant properties. We aimed to determine whether inhaling 5% CO₂ can be used to suppress seizures in epilepsy patients. The effect of CO₂ on cortical epileptic activity accompanying behavioral seizures was studied in rats and nonhuman primates, and based on these data, preliminary tests were carried out(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the value of interictal magnetoencephalography (MEG) in localizing epileptogenic cortex in epilepsy surgery patients with focal cortical dysplasias (FCD), particularly in patients having no visible MRI lesions. METHODS Thirty-four patients with FCD and preoperative MEG were retrospectively evaluated. Interictal MEG spike source(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) has been suggested to be useful in preoperative functional localization of motor cortex in patients having tumors close to the somatomotor cortex. Resection of tumors in anatomically predicted eloquent areas without adverse effects have emphasized functional plasticity elicited by(More)
PURPOSE Ictal video-electroencephalography (EEG) is commonly used to establish ictal onset-zone location. Recently software development has enabled systematic studies of ictal magnetoencephalography (MEG). In this article, we evaluate the ability of ictal MEG signals to localize the seizure-onset zone. METHODS Twenty-six patients underwent ictal MEG and(More)
Invasive cortical mapping is conventionally required for preoperative identification of epileptogenic and eloquent cortical regions before epilepsy surgery. The decision on the extent and exact location of the resection is always demanding and multimodal approach is desired for added certainty. The present study describes two non-invasive preoperative(More)
BACKGROUND Sanger sequencing, still the standard technique for genetic testing in most diagnostic laboratories and until recently widely used in research, is gradually being complemented by next-generation sequencing (NGS). No single mutation detection technique is however perfect in identifying all mutations. Therefore, we wondered to what extent(More)
OBJECTIVE Prenatal exposure to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) is associated with an increased risk of cognitive dysfunction at early school age. Our aim was to investigate whether signs of adverse drug effects on brain function could be detected already during the first 2 weeks of life. METHODS We studied prospectively 56 full-term newborns with prenatal(More)
Epilepsy work-up is based on history and scalp EEG. Drug resistant epilepsy should be evaluated in a dedicated epilepsy surgery unit. Sometimes non-invasive studies fail to localize the epileptogenic area in focal epilepsy and then the work up can be complemented with intracranial EEG. Intracranial electrodes are implanted either in the subdural space or(More)
The study investigated the nature of the effects of maternal epilepsy on cognitive performance of the offspring. One hundred fifty-four children of mothers with epilepsy aged 5 to 11 years (study group), along with 130 control children, comparable with respect to IQ, socio-economic status, age, and gender underwent a neuropsychological assessment using(More)
  • 1