Eiichi Yamamoto

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Phosphodiesterase (PDE) 4 inhibition is a well-known anti-inflammatory mechanism, but the development of PDE4 inhibitors has been hampered by side effects such as nausea and emesis. Local delivery of a PDE4 inhibitor to the site of inflammation may overcome these issues. The purpose of this study was to assess the therapeutic potential of E6005 (methyl(More)
The accelerated blood clearance phenomenon involving anti-PEG IgM production has been recognized as an important issue for the design and development of PEGylated liposomes. Here, we show that empty PEGylated liposomes and Doxil, PEGylated liposomes containing doxorubicin, both caused anti-PEG IgM production and thereby a rapid clearance of the second(More)
Liposomes are drug delivery systems that can alter the pharmacokinetic properties of compounds. The adverse effects of anticancer agents are a limiting factor for cancer chemotherapy, therefore, liposomal formulations have the potential to improve the therapeutic efficacy of anticancer agents by enhancing their accumulation in tumors and reducing(More)
The feasibility of a rapid automated method for determination of the encapsulation efficiency (EE) of a liposome formulation using a column-switching HPLC system was confirmed by employing several types of liposome formulations containing doxorubicin (DXR). A suspension of DXR liposome was injected directly into an online solid-phase extraction (SPE) system(More)
The present paper describes the on-line extraction of drugs in plasma using a restricted-access media (RAM) column in a column-switching high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) apparatus that was equipped with an on-line dilution system. The use of a six- to eightfold on-line dilution ratio for plasma samples resulted in almost 100% recovery of both(More)
We describe a sensitive determination of aspirin (ASA) and its three metabolites (salicylic acid [SA], 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid [2,3-DHBA], and 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid [gentisic acid (GA)]) in rat plasma. Analysis was carried out by on-line solid-phase extraction (SPE) using a methylcellulose-immobilized-strong anion-exchanger (MC-SAX), followed by(More)
This report describes the application of partially fluorinated carboxylic acids as ion-pairing reagents for basic analytes in high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC/ESI-MS) in positive-ion mode. Partially fluoridated carboxylic acids such as difluoroacetic acid, 3,3,3-trifluoropropionic acid and(More)
Several combination therapies have been tried for treating of type 2 diabetes to control more effectively fasting hyperglycemia and postprandial hyperglycemia. In this study, we have examined the effects of combining a novel, selective, and competitive dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) inhibitor,(More)
We recently demonstrated that Doxil loses its long-circulating properties when injected repeatedly at doses below 2 mg/m(2) in dogs. In studies using other animal species, PEGylated liposomal doxorubicin has been reported not to induce the accelerated blood clearance (ABC) phenomenon. We investigated the issue of whether Doxil can elicit the ABC phenomenon(More)
A novel methylcellulose-immobilized restricted access media column with strong cation-exchange groups on an internal surface (MC-SCX) was evaluated for the direct injection analysis of basic polar drugs in plasma by column-switching liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS). Analytical conditions, including an automated pretreatment step and MS(More)