Eiichi Yamamoto

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The accelerated blood clearance phenomenon involving anti-PEG IgM production has been recognized as an important issue for the design and development of PEGylated liposomes. Here, we show that empty PEGylated liposomes and Doxil, PEGylated liposomes containing doxorubicin, both caused anti-PEG IgM production and thereby a rapid clearance of the second(More)
Liposomes are drug delivery systems that can alter the pharmacokinetic properties of compounds. The adverse effects of anticancer agents are a limiting factor for cancer chemotherapy, therefore, liposomal formulations have the potential to improve the therapeutic efficacy of anticancer agents by enhancing their accumulation in tumors and reducing(More)
The feasibility of a rapid automated method for determination of the encapsulation efficiency (EE) of a liposome formulation using a column-switching HPLC system was confirmed by employing several types of liposome formulations containing doxorubicin (DXR). A suspension of DXR liposome was injected directly into an online solid-phase extraction (SPE) system(More)
We describe a sensitive determination of aspirin (ASA) and its three metabolites (salicylic acid [SA], 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid [2,3-DHBA], and 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid [gentisic acid (GA)]) in rat plasma. Analysis was carried out by on-line solid-phase extraction (SPE) using a methylcellulose-immobilized-strong anion-exchanger (MC-SAX), followed by(More)
Several combination therapies have been tried for treating of type 2 diabetes to control more effectively fasting hyperglycemia and postprandial hyperglycemia. In this study, we have examined the effects of combining a novel, selective, and competitive dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) inhibitor,(More)
This report describes the application of partially fluorinated carboxylic acids as ion-pairing reagents for basic analytes in high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC/ESI-MS) in positive-ion mode. Partially fluoridated carboxylic acids such as difluoroacetic acid, 3,3,3-trifluoropropionic acid and(More)
A novel methylcellulose-immobilized reversed-phase pretreatment column (MC-ODS) for column switching liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) was investigated to improve recovery and durability. Pretreatment and analytical conditions were optimized so that high throughput and high selectivity was ensured during mass spectrometric analysis. Analytical(More)
In this study, a frozen water phase method for logD measurement using a 96-well plate was developed. In the case of logD measurement of compounds, the problem of octanol contamination often occurs; in lipophilic compounds, the concentration of the octanol phase is much higher than that of the water phase. When the water phase is separated from the octanol(More)
We recently demonstrated that Doxil loses its long-circulating properties when injected repeatedly at doses below 2 mg/m(2) in dogs. In studies using other animal species, PEGylated liposomal doxorubicin has been reported not to induce the accelerated blood clearance (ABC) phenomenon. We investigated the issue of whether Doxil can elicit the ABC phenomenon(More)