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The effect of clobenpropit (VUF-9153), a new histamine H3 receptor antagonist, on electrically induced convulsions was studied in mice. Clobenpropit significantly and dose dependently decreased the duration of each convulsive phase. Its anticonvulsant effects were prevented by pretreatment with (R)-alpha-methylhistamine and imetit (VUF-8325), histamine H3(More)
Histidine decarboxylase (HDC) synthesizes histamine from histidine in mammals. To evaluate the role of histamine, we generated HDC-deficient mice using a gene targeting method. The mice showed a histamine deficiency and lacked histamine-synthesizing activity from histidine. These HDC-deficient mice are viable and fertile but exhibit a decrease in the(More)
The postnatal ontogenetic development of the histamine receptor subtypes was studied in rat brain by quantitative receptor autoradiography with highly sensitive imaging plates. H1 receptor binding sites labeled with [3H]pyrilamine were detected on postnatal day 2 (P2) and increased very slowly until P9, and then rapidly reaching the adult levels in the(More)
The role of galanin on long-term potentiation (LTP) of the field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs) at Schaffer collateral-CA1 synapses was investigated in guinea-pig hippocampal slices. Application of galanin (10(-7) M) inhibited the magnitude of LTP without any changes in the amplitude of fEPSP prior to tetanic stimulation. A putative central(More)
In this study, we examined the changes in neuronal histamine (HA) release in the rat striatum after acute and repeated administration of methamphetamine (METH). We studied the regulation of METH-induced HA release by dopamine receptors and the relationship between METH-induced HA release and stereotyped behavior. Acute administration of METH (1 mg/kg)(More)
We have recently suggested that the brain histamine has an inhibitory role on the behavioral effects of methamphetamine by pharmacological studies. In this study, we used the histidine decarboxylase gene knockout mice and measured the spontaneous locomotor activity, the changes of locomotion by single and repeated administrations of methamphetamine, and the(More)
To examine biochemical changes in the brain histamine (HA) neuron system after acute and chronic administrations of methamphetamine (MAP), HA levels and histidine decarboxylase (HDC) activities in the rat cortex, striatum, diencephalon, midbrain, pons-medulla and cerebellum were measured. In the cortex and striatum, acute administration of MAP (1 and 3(More)
The substrate selectivity of monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A), monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B), diamine oxidase (DAO), and semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) was investigated in the absence of chemical inhibitors using the COS-1 cells expressed with respective amine oxidase. Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine), 1-methylhistamine, and histamine were(More)
The effect of (S)alpha-fluoromethylhistidine (FMH), a specific inhibitor of histamine synthesis from histidine, on ischemic damage was examined in gerbil brain after forebrain ischemia. Two h after subcutaneous FMH injection, the histamine content of the brain was significantly reduced. Neuronal loss in the CA2 region of the hippocampus 7 days after 3 min(More)
We investigated the effects of selenium (Se) on the serum glucose and insulin levels in rats with diabetes induced by streptozotocin (STZ, 75 mg/kg, i.p.) and pancreatectomized rats. Moreover, the direct action of Se on insulin release from the isolated pancreatic islets using a slight diabetic rat was studied. The following results were obtained: 1)(More)