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Previous pharmacological experiments provide conflicting findings that describe both facilitatory and inhibitory effects of neuronal histamine on learning and memory. Here, we examined learning and memory and synaptic plasticity in mice with a null mutation of gene coding histamine H1 or H2 receptor in order to clarify the role of these receptors in(More)
The postnatal ontogenetic development of the histamine receptor subtypes was studied in rat brain by quantitative receptor autoradiography with highly sensitive imaging plates. H1 receptor binding sites labeled with [3H]pyrilamine were detected on postnatal day 2 (P2) and increased very slowly until P9, and then rapidly reaching the adult levels in the(More)
We have recently suggested that the brain histamine has an inhibitory role on the behavioral effects of methamphetamine by pharmacological studies. In this study, we used the histidine decarboxylase gene knockout mice and measured the spontaneous locomotor activity, the changes of locomotion by single and repeated administrations of methamphetamine, and the(More)
The effect of clobenpropit (VUF-9153), a new histamine H3 receptor antagonist, on electrically induced convulsions was studied in mice. Clobenpropit significantly and dose dependently decreased the duration of each convulsive phase. Its anticonvulsant effects were prevented by pretreatment with (R)-alpha-methylhistamine and imetit (VUF-8325), histamine H3(More)
The role of brain histamine on seizure development of pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)-induced kindling was examined in H(1)-receptor gene knockout (H(1)KO), histidine decarboxylase-deficient (HDC(-/-)) and mast cell-deficient (W/W(v)) mice. All H(1)KO, HDC(-/-) and W/W(v) mice had accelerated seizure development of PTZ-induced kindling when compared to their(More)
Methamphetamine (METH) is often abused as a psychostimulant, and its administration induces several abnormal behaviors. We propose that neuronal histamine has an inhibitory role on the METH-induced locomotor hyperactivity and development of behavioral sensitization. We examined the roles of the histaminergic neuron system on behavioral sensitization and(More)
The role of galanin on long-term potentiation (LTP) of the field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs) at Schaffer collateral-CA1 synapses was investigated in guinea-pig hippocampal slices. Application of galanin (10(-7) M) inhibited the magnitude of LTP without any changes in the amplitude of fEPSP prior to tetanic stimulation. A putative central(More)
Brain histamine H(3) receptors are predominantly presynaptic and serve an important autoregulatory function for the release of histamine and other neurotransmitters. They have been implicated in a variety of brain functions, including arousal, locomotor activity, thermoregulation, food intake, and memory. The recent cloning of the H(3) receptor in our(More)
RATIONALE Histaminergic neurotransmission has been implicated in the pathophysiology of stress-related psychiatric diseases. Although several atypical antipsychotics are potent H1 antagonists, the clinical significance of interaction between atypical antipsychotics and H1 receptors is still unknown. OBJECTIVE In this study, we investigated the effects of(More)
To examine biochemical changes in the brain histamine (HA) neuron system after acute and chronic administrations of methamphetamine (MAP), HA levels and histidine decarboxylase (HDC) activities in the rat cortex, striatum, diencephalon, midbrain, pons-medulla and cerebellum were measured. In the cortex and striatum, acute administration of MAP (1 and 3(More)