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The effect of clobenpropit (VUF-9153), a new histamine H3 receptor antagonist, on electrically induced convulsions was studied in mice. Clobenpropit significantly and dose dependently decreased the duration of each convulsive phase. Its anticonvulsant effects were prevented by pretreatment with (R)-alpha-methylhistamine and imetit (VUF-8325), histamine H3(More)
The postnatal ontogenetic development of the histamine receptor subtypes was studied in rat brain by quantitative receptor autoradiography with highly sensitive imaging plates. H1 receptor binding sites labeled with [3H]pyrilamine were detected on postnatal day 2 (P2) and increased very slowly until P9, and then rapidly reaching the adult levels in the(More)
The role of galanin on long-term potentiation (LTP) of the field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs) at Schaffer collateral-CA1 synapses was investigated in guinea-pig hippocampal slices. Application of galanin (10(-7) M) inhibited the magnitude of LTP without any changes in the amplitude of fEPSP prior to tetanic stimulation. A putative central(More)
We have recently suggested that the brain histamine has an inhibitory role on the behavioral effects of methamphetamine by pharmacological studies. In this study, we used the histidine decarboxylase gene knockout mice and measured the spontaneous locomotor activity, the changes of locomotion by single and repeated administrations of methamphetamine, and the(More)
Ketotifen produced seizures in a 5-year-old boy with secondary generalized epilepsy (SGE) and allergic rhinitis. To confirm that the seizures were due to histamine H1 receptors blockade, d-chlorpheniramine was administered with monitoring electroencephalography (EEG). Administration of d-chlorpheniramine significantly increased the number of epileptic(More)
To examine biochemical changes in the brain histamine (HA) neuron system after acute and chronic administrations of methamphetamine (MAP), HA levels and histidine decarboxylase (HDC) activities in the rat cortex, striatum, diencephalon, midbrain, pons-medulla and cerebellum were measured. In the cortex and striatum, acute administration of MAP (1 and 3(More)
The hypothalamus, which is rich in histaminergic neurons, is highly sensitive to aversive stimuli such as stress. Histamine H3 receptors, which regulate histamine release from the presynaptic site, are associated with stress-induced brain activity. In this study, we investigated the changes of histamine content and histamine H1 and H3 receptors in the(More)
Behavioural assessments were made of mutant mice lacking histamine H1 receptors to reveal the function of H1 receptors in the behaviour of mice. Exploratory behaviour of mice in a new environment was examined to discover whether the absence of H1 receptors in mice affects actions relating to their emotions. The H1 receptor-deficient mice showed a(More)
With gene targeting, one can practically knock out a gene in vivo and create a mutant organism that completely lacks the gene product. The mutant mice lacking histamine H1 receptors was generated by the method of gene targeting. In brains of homozygous mutant mice, no specific binding of [3H]pyrilamine was seen. The mutant mice showed impaired locomotor(More)
A growing amount of evidence suggests that a deficiency in hypocretin/orexin neurotransmission is critically involved in animal and human forms of narcolepsy. Since hypocretin-containing neurons innervate and excite histaminergic tuberomammillary neurons, altered histaminergic neurotransmission may also be involved in narcolepsy. We found a significant(More)