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PURPOSE To determine the relationship between changes in the extracellular matrix (ECM) and T(1ρ) and T(2) values in vivo. The ECM is composed of proteoglycan (PG), collagen, and water. It has been unclear which of the ECM constituents affects T(1ρ) and T(2) mapping in living human cartilage. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sagittal T(1ρ) and T(2) maps were(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effects of aging and cartilage degeneration of the proximal tibiofibular- and femorotibial joint (PTFJ, FTJ) on the cartilage of the PTFJ using T(1)ρ and T(2) mapping. MATERIALS AND METHODS We performed sagittal T(1)ρ and T(2) mapping of the PTFJ and FTJ on 55 subjects with knee disorders. We placed 3 regions of interest (ROIs) on(More)
BACKGROUND Articular cartilage degeneration can develop after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Although radiological studies have identified risk factors for the progression of degenerative cartilage changes in the long term, risk factors in the early postoperative period remain to be documented. HYPOTHESIS Cartilage lesions that are(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the T1ρ and T2 values and the progression of cartilage degeneration in patients of the same age group. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sagittal T1ρ and T2 mapping and three-dimensional (3D) gradient-echo images were obtained from 78 subjects with medial knee osteoarthritis (OA). The degree(More)
We compared the effects of two distraction frequencies on bone formation during tibial lengthening by evaluating radiographs, bone mineral density, and histological findings. In 15 mature White Leghorn chickens, both tibiae were distracted at a rate of 0.75 mm/day for 10 days. The distraction frequency was 2 steps (0.375 mm/12 hour) by hand on the right(More)
Fullerenes are entirely insoluble in water, but suitable functionalization makes the molecules soluble. Studies on water-soluble fullerene derivatives led to the discovery of the interaction of organofullerenes with DNA, proteins, and living cells, which was first reported in the summer of 1993. Subsequent studies have revealed interesting biological(More)
OBJECTIVES In full-thickness articular defects, fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) participates in the chondrogenic repair response which occurs in a defect-size dependent manner. Here we demonstrate that FGF-2 plays a critical role in the proliferation of pre-chondrogenic mesenchymal cells during chondrogenic induction. METHODS Three-millimeter- or(More)
Application of nanotechnology to medical biology has brought remarkable success. Water-soluble fullerenes are molecules with great potential for biological use because they can endow unique characteristics of amphipathic property and form a self-assembled structure by chemical modification. Effective gene delivery in vitro with tetra(piperazino)fullerene(More)
A series of aminofullerenes that share a common structural motif have been synthesized and subjected to a systematic investigation of structure activity relationship regarding their ability for transient transfection and cytotoxicity. DNA-binding tests indicated that any water-soluble fullerene-bearing amino group would bind to double-stranded DNA. For(More)
In this study we investigated the cellular events that occur during the onset of chondrogenic differentiation during the repair of full-thickness defects of articular cartilage. The V-shaped full-thickness cartilage defects (width 0.7 or 1.5 mm; depth 0.8 mm; length 4 mm) were created in the femoral patellar groove of rats using a custom-built twin-blade(More)