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Conservative management, gamma-knife (GK) radiosurgery, and microsurgery are therapeutic options for acoustic neurinomas (ANs). To determine the outcomes and risks of these methods this systematic review analyzed data from 903 patients with conservative management, 1475 with GK radiosurgery, and 5005 with microsurgery from 38 studies identified in MEDLINE(More)
OBJECT The purpose of this study was to delineate the long-term natural history of hemorrhagic moyamoya disease (MMD). METHODS A retrospective review was conducted among 42 patients suffering from hemorrhagic MMD who had been treated conservatively without bypass surgery. The group included four patients who had undergone indirect bypass surgery after an(More)
BACKGROUND The possible role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of cerebral vasospasm has been noted in recent studies. In order to examine the role of inflammation, we examined the vasocontractile activity of talc, which is known to cause severe inflammation, using a canine cisternal talc injection model. METHODS Under general anesthesia, a sterile talc(More)
Results of microvascular decompression (MVD) for trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and hemifacial spasm (HFS) may be improved by accurate preoperative assessment of neurovascular relationships at the root entry/exit zone (REZ). Constructive interference in steady state (CISS)-three-dimensional Fourier transformation (3DFT) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was(More)
A 78-year-old female presented with a nontraumatic acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) caused by hemorrhage from a cavernous angioma located on the convexity dura mater. The hematoma and angioma were removed successfully. Neuroimaging performed 2 years previously had not revealed cavernous angioma. The angioma most likely grew rapidly over the 2 year period,(More)
A series of 44 cases is presented of patients who received surgical treatment for unruptured aneurysms in the anterior circulation, and which were associated with ischemic cerebrovascular disease (CVD). The age of patients varied from 34 to 76 (mean 62.8) years old. The associated ischemic CVD was transient ischemic attack (TIA) in ten, minor completed(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety and efficacy of removing large acoustic neurinomas (> or =3 cm) by the retrosigmoid approach. METHODS Large acoustic neurinomas (mean (SD), 4.1 (0.6) cm) were removed from 50 consecutive patients by the retrosigmoid suboccipital approach while monitoring the facial nerve using a facial stimulator-monitor. Excision began(More)
BACKGROUND Interhemispheric subdural hematoma (ISH) usually occurs after head trauma; nontraumatic ISH is extremely rare. CASE DESCRIPTION The authors describe a 62-year-old male presenting with severe headache and ptosis on the left side. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging disclosed a hematoma in the interhemispheric subdural space(More)