Eiichi Katada

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Cognitive event-related potentials (ERPs) have been used as a marker of cognitive function in patients with psychiatric and neurological disorders. In particular, the P300 potential has been widely utilized to study dementia and aging, because the P300 ERP component is easily observed and reflects attention and memory processing. However, the relationship(More)
Hippocampal cholinergic neurostimulating peptide (HCNP) is a novel undecapeptide purified from the hippocampus of young rats. The peptide stimulates cholinergic phenotype development in the rat medial septal nucleus in vitro. Here, we have focused on the mechanism of release of the peptide from the hippocampus, by applying tissue culture techniques.(More)
We have previously demonstrated that hippocampal cholinergic neurostimulating peptide (HCNP)-related components accumulate in almost all Hirano bodies in Sommer's sector of the hippocampus of elderly individuals, and that the number of HCNP-positive Hirano bodies is greater in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Although Hirano bodies occur preferentially in(More)
We have previously isolated from the hippocampus of young rats a novel peptide termed 'hippocampal cholinergic neurostimulating peptide' (HCNP) which specifically enhances the cholinergic activity of the septohippocampal system in vitro. Cloning and base sequence analysis of HCNP-specific cDNA from rat and human cDNA libraries revealed that the 1.1 kDa(More)
Neuronal development and differentiation require a variety of cell interactions. Diffusible molecules from target neurons play an important part in mediating such interactions. Our early studies used explant culture technique to examine the factors that enhance the differentiation of septo-hippocampal cholinergic neurons, and they revealed that several(More)
To disclose the neuropathological progression course of Machado-Joseph disease (MJD), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of six genetically confirmed MJD cases (four males and two females, including an autopsied female, all unrelated to one another) were further investigated on neurodegeneration. Brain MRI studies were repeated in all cases at(More)
Hippocampal cholinergic neurostimulating peptide (HCNP), originally purified from the young rat hippocampus, enhances the cholinergic phenotype development of the medial septal nucleus in vitro. In this study, we examined the HCNP-antigen distribution and the age-related changes in the number of positive cells in the hippocampus (obtained at autopsy from 74(More)
The P300, one of the cognitive event-related potentials (ERPs) of the cerebral cortex, reflects the functioning of the neurochemical system involved in cognitive processes. We investigated clinical significance of the components of auditory P300 ERPs, in comparison with neuropsychologic tests including the Mini-Mental State Examination and the Japanese(More)
A novel peptide, hippocampal cholinergic neurostimulating peptide (HCNP), originally purified from young rat hippocampus, affects the development of specific cholinergic neurons of the central nervous system in vitro. In this study, HCNP-like-immunoreactive nerve processes and nerve cell bodies were identified by electron microscopic immunocytochemistry in(More)