Eiichi Katada

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We have previously isolated from the hippocampus of young rats a novel peptide termed 'hippocampal cholinergic neurostimulating peptide' (HCNP) which specifically enhances the cholinergic activity of the septohippocampal system in vitro. Cloning and base sequence analysis of HCNP-specific cDNA from rat and human cDNA libraries revealed that the 1.1 kDa(More)
Cognitive event-related potentials (ERPs) have been used as a marker of cognitive function in patients with psychiatric and neurological disorders. In particular, the P300 potential has been widely utilized to study dementia and aging, because the P300 ERP component is easily observed and reflects attention and memory processing. However, the relationship(More)
We have previously demonstrated that hippocampal cholinergic neurostimulating peptide (HCNP)-related components accumulate in almost all Hirano bodies in Sommer's sector of the hippocampus of elderly individuals, and that the number of HCNP-positive Hirano bodies is greater in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Although Hirano bodies occur preferentially in(More)
Hippocampal cholinergic neurostimulating peptide (HCNP) is a novel undecapeptide purified from the hippocampus of young rats. The peptide stimulates cholinergic phenotype development in the rat medial septal nucleus in vitro. Here, we have focused on the mechanism of release of the peptide from the hippocampus, by applying tissue culture techniques.(More)
This report concerns the demonstration of hippocampal cholinergic neurostimulating peptide (HCNP), its deacetylated analogue (free HCNP) and HCNP precursor protein in rat tissues. To avoid possible enzymatic degradation during sample manipulation, tissue extracts were prepared under acidic conditions using trifluoroacetic acid. The tissue contents of free(More)
Neuronal development and differentiation require a variety of cell interactions. Diffusible molecules from target neurons play an important part in mediating such interactions. Our early studies used explant culture technique to examine the factors that enhance the differentiation of septo-hippocampal cholinergic neurons, and they revealed that several(More)
This report concerns the distribution of the hippocampal cholinergic neurostimulating peptide (HCNP) in tissues and organs of 11-day-old Wistar rats. HCNP, originally isolated and purified from the hippocampus of young rats, is an undecapeptide (acetyl-Ala-Ala-Asp-Ile-Ser-Gln-Trp-Ala-Gly-Pro-Leu). HCNP distribution was investigated by using(More)
A novel peptide, hippocampal cholinergic neurostimulating peptide (HCNP), originally purified from young rat hippocampus, affects the development of specific cholinergic neurons of the central nervous system in vitro. In this study, HCNP-like-immunoreactive nerve processes and nerve cell bodies were identified by electron microscopic immunocytochemistry in(More)
Hippocampal cholinergic neurostimulating peptide (HCNP), an undecapeptide isolated from the hippocampal tissue of young rats, enhances the cholinergic development in explant cultures of medial septal nuclei. This report concerns the distribution of HCNP immunoreactivity in the central nervous system (CNS) of 11- and 28-day-old Wistar rats; two(More)
The P300, one of the cognitive event-related potentials (ERPs) of the cerebral cortex, reflects the functioning of the neurochemical system involved in cognitive processes. We investigated clinical significance of the components of auditory P300 ERPs, in comparison with neuropsychologic tests including the Mini-Mental State Examination and the Japanese(More)