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PTEN is a tumor suppressor gene mutated in many human cancers, and its expression is reduced or absent in almost half of hepatoma patients. We used the Cre-loxP system to generate a hepatocyte-specific null mutation of Pten in mice (AlbCrePten(flox/flox) mice). AlbCrePten(flox/flox) mice showed massive hepatomegaly and steatohepatitis with triglyceride(More)
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a term used to describe a spectrum of conditions characterized by histological findings of hepatic macrovesicular steatosis with inflammation in individuals who consume little or no alcohol. The NASH patients progress to liver cirrhosis and even hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Hepatocyte-specific phosphatase and(More)
Epimorphin, a mesenchymal morphogenic protein expressed by hepatic stellate cells, is considered important to liver morphogenesis in both healthy and pathologic conditions. However, the stellate cell phenotype, quiescent versus activated, that expresses epimorphin is unknown. We studied the relationship between epimorphin expression and stellate cell status(More)
AIM Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered to be a public health problem worldwide. NAFLD is more prevalent in men than in women. Tamoxifen, a potent estrogen receptor antagonist, causes nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), a severe form of NAFLD. Thus, there may be a sex difference that is dependent on estrogens in NAFLD and NASH.(More)
Portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG) is a clinical entity that is observed frequently in patients with liver cirrhosis. In PHG, gastric mucosa is highly susceptible to mucosal injury caused by noxious agents. Many studies, including ours, have reported that a 72-kDa heat shock protein (HSP72) has a crucial cytoprotective function in gastric mucosa. In this(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Epimorphin, a morphoregulatory factor essential to organ development, is believed to direct normal morphogenesis in tissue repair. We examined the dynamics and the roles of epimorphin, a cell surface-associated molecule detected on mesenchymal cells, in hepatic tissue repair from acute liver injury. METHODS After acute liver injury was(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) has been known as a reagent for improving lipid metabolism and inflammation. Hepatocyte-specific Pten-deficient mice exhibit hepatic lesions analogous to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Therefore, we administered EPA to Pten-deficient mice to investigate the mechanisms of NASH. METHODS Pten-deficient mice(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Increased susceptibility to gastric mucosal injury is observed in portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG). In this study, the effects of zinc L-carnosine, an anti-ulcer drug, were evaluated on expression of heat shock protein (hsp) 72 and cytoprotection in gastric mucosa in a rat model of PHG. METHODS Portal hypertensive gastropathy with(More)
A 56-year-old male visited our hospital for evaluation of an occipital mass. Contrast computed tomography showed hypervascular enhancement with osteolytic change in the skull and a huge enhanced mass in the liver. Magnetic resonance imaging showed bone metastasis in the thoracic vertebrae. Assays for hepatitis B surface antigen and hepatitis B core antibody(More)
Mao is one component of various traditional herbal medicines. We examined the effects of Mao on an acute liver failure model treated with d-galactosamine (GalN) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The lethality of mice administrated Mao with GalN/LPS was significantly decreased compared with that in mice without Mao. Hepatic apoptosis and inflammatory cell(More)